Species of the spider family Leptonetidae Simon, 1890 from China are revised based on molecular and morphological data analyses. A new genus, Jingneta Wang & Li gen. nov ., is erected, with Leptoneta cornea Tong & Li, 2008 as the type species. Twenty-two Chinese species previously assigned to the genus Leptoneta Simon, 1872 are revised, with eight transferred to Falcileptoneta Komatsu, 1970, seven transferred to Jingneta gen. nov ., five transferred to Leptonetela Kratochvíl, 1978, and one species each transferred to Longileptoneta Seo, 2015 and Masirana Kishida, 1942. Eight new species are described: i.e., Falcileptoneta shuanglong Wang & Li sp. nov . (♂), Jingneta caoxian Wang & Li sp. nov . (♂♀), J. jingdong Wang & Li sp. nov . (♂♀), Longileptoneta gutan Wang & Li sp. nov . (♂♀), L. huangshan Wang & Li sp. nov . (♂♀), L. shenxian Wang & Li sp. nov . (♂♀), L. yeren Wang & Li sp. nov . (♂), and L. zhuxian Wang & Li sp. nov . (♂♀). In total, 127 leptonetid species from six genera are documented from China: nine species of Falcileptoneta, nine species of Jingneta gen. nov ., 101 species of Leptonetela, six species of Longileptoneta, one species of Masirana, and one species of Rhyssoleptoneta Tong & Li, 2007.