Volume 33 Issue 5
Sep.  2012
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RAO Xiao-Ping, XU Zhi-Xiang, XU Fu-Qiang. Progress in activity-dependent structural plasticity of neural circuits in cortex. Zoological Research, 2012, 33(5): 527-536. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.05527
Citation: RAO Xiao-Ping, XU Zhi-Xiang, XU Fu-Qiang. Progress in activity-dependent structural plasticity of neural circuits in cortex. Zoological Research, 2012, 33(5): 527-536. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.05527

Progress in activity-dependent structural plasticity of neural circuits in cortex

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.05527
  • Received Date: 2012-07-04
  • Rev Recd Date: 2012-08-30
  • Publish Date: 2012-10-10
  • Neural circuits of mammalian cerebral cortex have exhibited amazing abilities of structural and functional plasticity in development, learning and memory, neurological and psychiatric diseases. With the new imaging techniques and the application of molecular biology methods, observation neural circuits’ structural dynamics within the cortex in vivo at the cellular and synaptic level was possible, so there were many great progresses in the field of the activity-dependent structural plasticity over the past decade. This paper reviewed some of the aspects of the experimental results, focused on the characteristics of dendritic structural plasticity in individual growth and development, rich environment, sensory deprivation, and pathological conditions, as well as learning and memory, especially the dynamics of dendritic spines on morphology and quantity; after that, we introduced axonal structural plasticity, the molecular and cellular mechanisms of structural plasticity, and proposed some future problems to be solved at last.
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