Volume 31 Issue 6
Nov.  2010
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
YU Hong-Xia, TANG Wen-Qiao, LI Si-Fa. Morphological changes of silver and bighead carp in the Yangtze River over the past 50 years. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(6): 651-656. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010. 06651
Citation: YU Hong-Xia, TANG Wen-Qiao, LI Si-Fa. Morphological changes of silver and bighead carp in the Yangtze River over the past 50 years. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(6): 651-656. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010. 06651

Morphological changes of silver and bighead carp in the Yangtze River over the past 50 years

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010. 06651
Funds:  National Natural Science Foundation of China (30630051); Aquaculture E-Institute of Shanghai Universities(03E009); Shanghai Leading Academic Discipline Project(S30701)
More Information
  • Author Bio:

    YU Hong-Xia,E-mail:yuhongxia2002@163.com

  • Corresponding author: TANG Wen-Qiao
  • Received Date: 2010-06-04
  • Rev Recd Date: 2010-10-29
  • Publish Date: 2010-12-22
  • Multivariate analysis was adopted to analyze 30 morphometrical characteristics of 121 one-year-old juvenile silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis) bred during the 1950s (“the former population”) and 2008 (“the current population”) and collected from the middle reach of the Yangtze River. The average discriminant accuracies of the former and current silver and bighead carp population were 94.2% and 98.0%, respectively. Discriminant analysis also revealed that significant differences in morphology occurred between the former and current populations of both carp in overall characteristics. One-way analysis of variance indicated that between former and current populations, silver carp showed highly significant differences (P<0.01) in twelve of their characteristics and significant differences (P<0.05) in eight of their characteristics, while bighead carp showed highly significant differences (P<0.01) in eight of their characteristics and significant differences (P<0.05) in eight of their characteristics. Six head morphology variables of the current silver and bighead carp were significantly or highly significantly larger than the former populations; fourteen characteristics of silver carp and ten characteristics of bighead carp of the current populations, mainly reflecting truck and tail morphology, were significantly or very significantly smaller than the former populations. Our results indicate that silver and bighead carp have developed a larger head and smaller truck and tail during the last 50 years. Due to such morphological changes, it seems apparent that the heads of these fish species need to be considered in regards to human diets, particularly in relation to economic and nutritious value.
  • loading
  • [1]
    Bookstein FL, Chernoff B, Elder RL, Humphries JM, Smith GR, Strauss RE. 1985. Morphometrics in Evolutionary Biology
    [M]. Philadelphia: the Academy of Natural Science Special Publication.Cao WX. 2008. Expert forum: The Yangtza Valley water ecological environment and sustainable economic development -Several issues on the protection of fish resources in Yangtze River Basin [J]. Res Env Yangtza Valley, 17(2): 163-164. (in Chinese)Chen DQ, Qiu SL, Huang MG, Liu SP. 1995.On the dynamic monitoring of fish resources in the Yangtze River [J]. Res Env Yangtza Valley, 4(4): 303-307. (in Chinese)Huysentruyt F, Devaere S. 2009. Early development and allometric growth in the armoured catfish Corydoras aeneus
    [J]. Hydrobiologia, 627: 45-54.John MC. 1990. Growth and relative size of calcified structures of fish[J].Trans Am Fish Soc, 119(4): 673-688.John R, Post E, Parkinson A. 2001. Energy allocation strategy in young fish: Allometry and survival [J]. Ecology, 82(4): 1040-1051. Li HM, Liu DD, Ji H, Yu EM, Shan ST. 2008. Study on food price of the head of bighead carp[J]. Food Nutr Chn, (6): 53-55. (in Chinese)Li SF, Lu GQ, Zhou BY. 1995. Feasibility studies on genetic conservation of Chinese carp in swan oxbow of the Yangtze River
    [J].Res Env Yangtza Valley, 19(3): 193-202 . (in Chinese)Li SF, Wu LZ, Wang Q, Qiu QR, Chen YL.1990. Genetical Characterization of Silver Carp, Bighead Carp and Grass Carp in Yangtze River, Pearl River and Heilongjiang River [M]. Shanghai: Shanghai Sci-Tech Publisher, 109-124. (in Chinese)Li SF, Zhou BY, Lu GQ, Zhao JL. 1997.A study on the criteria and inspection of brooders of silver carp, bighead carp, grass carp and black carp originated from the Yangtze river [J]. J Fish Chn, 21(2): 143-151. (in Chinese)Li SF, Zhou BY, Ni CK, Chen ZQ. 1989. Morphological variations of silver carp, bighead and grass carp from Changjiang, Zhujiang and Heilongjiang Rivers [J]. Acta Zool Sin, 35(4): 390-398. (in Chinese)Liu JK, Cao WX. 1992. Fish resources of the Yangtze River basin and the tactics for their conservation [J]. Res Env Yangtza Valley, 1(1): 17-23. (in Chinese)Liu SP, Chen DQ, Duan XB, Qiu SL, Huang MG. 2004. Monitoring of the four famous Chinese carp resources in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River [J]. Res Env Yangtza Valley, 3(2): 183-186. (in Chinese)Liu SP, Chen DQ, Zhang JB, Qiu SL, Fan QX. 2002.Studies on the natural resources reservoir of the four major Chinese carp in Laojianghe oxbow[J]. Acta Hydr Sin, 26(6): 628-634. (in Chinese)Liu SP, Qiu SL, Chen DQ, Huang MG. 1997. Protection and rational utilization of the germplasm resources of the four major Chinese carp in the Yangtze River system [J]. Res Env Yangtza Valley, 6(2): 128-130. (in Chinese)Min R, Ye L,Chen XY, Yang JX. 2009. Morphometrics analysis of Sinocyclocheilus grahami (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae)
    [J]. Zool Res, 30(6): 707-712. (in Chinese)Osse JWM, van den Boogaar JGM. 1995. Fish larvae, development, allometric growth, and the aquatic environment
    [C]// Pittman K, Batty RS, Verreth J(eds). Mass Rearing of Juvenile Fish. ICES Marine Science Symposium, 201:21-34.Bergen.Qiu SL, Liu SP ,Huang MG, Chen DQ, Duan XW. 2002. Monitoring of spawning sites of four major Chinese carp in the middle section of Yangtze River[J]. Acta Hydr Sin, 26(6): 716-718. (in Chinese)Schofield PJ, Williams JD, Nico LD. 2005. Foreign Nonindigenous Carp and Minnows (Cyprinidae) in the United States: A Guide to Their Identification, Distribution, and Biology[M]. USGS Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5041, Denver, US.Shan XJ, Cao L, Huang W, Dou SZ. 2009. Feeding, morphological changes and allometric growth during starvation in miiuy croaker larvae[J]. Env Biol Fish, 86: 121-130. (in Chinese)Survey Team of Spawning Grounds of Domestic Fishes in Yangtze River. 1982. A survey on the spawning grounds of the “Four famous Chinese Carp” in the Yangtze River after dammed by the key water control project at Gezhouba [J]. J Fish Chn, 6(4): 287-304. Xie ZG, Xie CX, Zhang E. 2003. Morphological variations among the Chinese species of Sinibrama (Pisces: Teleostei: Cyprinidae), with comments on their species validities[J]. Zool Res, 24(5): 321-330. (in Chinese)Yu HX, Tang WQ, Li SF. 2009. Growth character of silver carp at National Original Breeding Farm in Lake Laojianghe, middle reaches of the Yangtze River [J]. Chn J Zool, 44 (2): 21-27. (in Chinese)YuHX, Tang WQ, Li SF. 2010. Ontogenetic changes in meristic measurements of silver Carp and bighead Carp[J]. Zool Res, 31(2): 169-176.Yu JY, He XH. 2003. SPSS Statistical Data Analysis and Application [M]. Beijing: Posts & Telecom Press, 251-310. (in Chinese)Zhang YT, Fang KT. 1982. Introduction to Multivariate Statistical Analysis[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 393-401. (in Chinese)
    [7]

     
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (2257) PDF downloads(1777) Cited by()
    Proportional views
    Related

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return