Volume 42 Issue 4
Jul.  2021
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Article Contents
Quan Li, Feng Cheng, Stephen M. Jackson, Kristofer M. Helgen, Wen-Yu Song, Shao-Ying Liu, Daosavanh Sanamxay, Song Li, Fei Li, Yun Xiong, Jun Sun, Hong-Jiao Wang, Xue-Long Jiang. Phylogenetic and morphological significance of an overlooked flying squirrel (Pteromyini, Rodentia) from the eastern Himalayas with the description of a new genus. Zoological Research, 2021, 42(4): 389-400. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2021.039
Citation: Quan Li, Feng Cheng, Stephen M. Jackson, Kristofer M. Helgen, Wen-Yu Song, Shao-Ying Liu, Daosavanh Sanamxay, Song Li, Fei Li, Yun Xiong, Jun Sun, Hong-Jiao Wang, Xue-Long Jiang. Phylogenetic and morphological significance of an overlooked flying squirrel (Pteromyini, Rodentia) from the eastern Himalayas with the description of a new genus. Zoological Research, 2021, 42(4): 389-400. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2021.039

Phylogenetic and morphological significance of an overlooked flying squirrel (Pteromyini, Rodentia) from the eastern Himalayas with the description of a new genus

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2021.039
#Authors contributed equally to this work
Funds:  This study was supported by the Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research Program (STEP, 2019QZKK0501), National Natural Science Foundation of China (32000304), Yunnan Fundamental Research Projects (202101AT070294), National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFC0505200), Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA20050202), Biodiversity Survey, Monitoring and Assessment (2019HB2096001006), and Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden
More Information
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: jiangxl@mail.kiz.ac.cn
  • Received Date: 2021-02-04
  • Accepted Date: 2021-05-13
  • Published Online: 2021-05-26
  • Publish Date: 2021-07-18
  • The flying squirrels (Pteromyini, Rodentia) are the most diverse and widely distributed group of gliding mammals. Taxonomic boundaries and relationships within flying squirrels remain an area of active research in mammalogy. The discovery of new specimens of Pteromys (Hylopetes) leonardi Thomas, 1921, previously considered a synonym of Hylopetes alboniger, in Yunnan Province, China allowed a morphological and genetic reassessment of the status of this taxon. Phylogenetic reconstruction was implemented using sequences of two mitochondrial (12S ribosomal RNA and 16S ribosomal RNA) and one nuclear (interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein) gene fragments. Morphological assessments involved examinations of features preserved on skins, skulls, and penises of museum specimens, supplemented with principal component analysis of craniometric data. Together these assessments revealed that this taxon should be recognized not only as a distinct species, but should also be placed within a new genus, described here as Priapomys gen. nov.
  • #Authors contributed equally to this work
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