Volume 40 Issue 4
Jul.  2019
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Eduard Galoyan, Alisa Bolshakova, Manush Abrahamyan, Ruzanna Petrosyan, Valeria Komarova, Victor Spangenberg, Marine Arakelyan. Natural history of Valentin’s rock lizard (Darevskia valentini) in Armenia. Zoological Research, 2019, 40(4): 277-292. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.036
Citation: Eduard Galoyan, Alisa Bolshakova, Manush Abrahamyan, Ruzanna Petrosyan, Valeria Komarova, Victor Spangenberg, Marine Arakelyan. Natural history of Valentin’s rock lizard (Darevskia valentini) in Armenia. Zoological Research, 2019, 40(4): 277-292. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.036

Natural history of Valentin’s rock lizard (Darevskia valentini) in Armenia

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.036
Funds:  This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) KOMFI 17-00-00430 (K) and 17-00-00425 and Arm_a 18-54-05020 and Russian National Foundation N14-50-00029
More Information
  • Corresponding author: Eduard Galoyan
  • Received Date: 2018-08-09
  • Publish Date: 2019-07-18
  • Valentin’s rock lizard (Darevskia valentini) is suggested to be the parent for several parthenogenetic species (e.g., D. armeniaca, D. bendimahiensis, D. sapphirina, and D. unisexualis) that evolved through hybridization. Complex evolutionary processes (including reticulate evolution) are occurring within the areas where Valentin’s rock lizard coexists with these and other rock lizards. Hence, a detailed biological specification of this species is important for understanding how vertebrates evolve. Valentin’s rock lizard is a long-lived (up to 9 years), small diurnal lizard with larger females than males, which is unlike other species of the genus. Their relatively large eggs and early reproduction period, which occurs just after emergence from winter shelters, are adaptations for living in a high elevation climate (higher than 2 000 m a.s.l.). Their body temperatures (31–32 °С) are comparable to body temperatures of rock lizards living in milder climates, though female body temperature is more dependent on substrate temperature and basking due to their lower activity than that found in males. Population density fluctuates from several individuals to several hundred per hectare and is not affected by parthenogen coexistence, although hybrids do occur in sexually biased populations where males are more common than females. The male home range is larger than that of females, though these home ranges broadly overlap. Prey is not limited in the mountain meadows and Valentin’s rock lizards feed on a great variety of arthropods. Infanticide occurs in high-density populations.
  • loading
  • [1]
    null Ahmadzadeh F , Flecks M , Carretero MA , Mozaffari O , B?hme W , Harris DJ , Freitas S , R?dder D . 2013. Cryptic speciation patterns in Iranian rock lizards uncovered by integrative taxonomy. PLoS One, 8(12): e80563.
    null Anonymus . https://ru.climate-data.org. Accessed: 05.01.2018.
    null Arakelyan MS . 2002. The study of age, growth, and longevity in the triploid hybrids of rock lizards of the genus Darevskia in Armenia. Russian Journal of Herpetology, 9(1): 63–68.
    null Arakelyan MS . 2012. Processes of species origin in sympatric populations of biparental species of rock lizards of Darevskia genus. Biological Journal of Armenia, 64: 10–15.(in Russian)
    null Arakelyan MS , Danielyan FD . 2000. Growth and age composition of some parthenogenetic and biparental species of Armenian Rock Lizards. Entomological Review, 80: 161–166.
    null Arakelyan MS , Danielyan FD , Corti C , Sindaco R , Leviton AE . 2011. Herpetofauna of Armenia and Nagorno–Karabakh. Salt Lake City: Society for Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.
    null Arribas OJ . 1999. Phylogeny and relationships of the mountain lizards of Europe and Near East (archaeolacerta mertens 1921, sensu lato) and their relationships among the Eurasian lacertid radiation. Russian Journal of Herpetology, 6(1): 1–22.
    null Arribas OJ , Ananjeva NB , Carranza S , Doronin IV , Harris DJ , Orlov NL , Orlova VF . 2017. The pernicious effect of retroactive changes in the code: Darevskia and nomenclatorial stability, a reply to Busacket al. Basic and Applied Herpetology, 31: 125–129.
    null Ataev CA . 1985. Reptiles of the Mountains of Turkmenistan. TSSR Academy of Sciences, Ashkabad. (in Russian)
    null Baird TA , Timanus DK , Sloan CL . 2003. Intra– and intersexual variation in sexual behaviour:effects of ontogeny, phenotype, resources, and season. In: Fox SF, McCoy JK, Baird TA. Lizard Social Behaviour. Baltimor and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 7–46.
    null Blumstein D . 2000. The evolution of infanticide in rodents: a comparative analysis. In: van Schaik CP, Janson CH (eds). Infanticide by Males and Its Implications Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 178–198.
    null Bogdanov OP . 1965. Ecology of Reptiles of Middle Asia. Nauka, Tashkent.
    null Buckland ST , Burnham KP , Anderson DR , Thomas L . 1993. Distance Sampling Estimation of Abundance of Biological Populations. London: Chapman and Hall.
    null Busack SD , Salvador A , Bauer AM , Kaiser H . 2016. Darevskia and Iberolacerta (reptilia, lacertidae): arribas, 1997 or 1999? The correct dating of two nomenclatural acts affecting palearctic lizards, and validation of the name Caucasilacerta harris, Arnold & Thomas, 1998. Bionomina, 10: 61–73.
    null Castanet J . 1994. Age estimation and longevity in reptiles. Gerontology, 40(2–4): 174–192.
    null Danielyan F , Arakelyan M , Stepanyan I . 2008. Hybrids of Darevskia valentini, D. armeniaca and D . unisexualis from a sympatric population in Armenia. Amphibia-Reptilia, 29(4): 487–504.
    null Danielyan FD . 1965. Mechanisms of reproductive isolation in some forms of rock lizards(Lacerta saxicola eversmann), distributed in Armenia. Izvestia Nauk Armyanskoy SSR, 18: 75–80.(in Russian)
    null Danielyan FD . 1971. A comparative study of the population density and migrations of parthenogenetic and bisexual rock lizards in Armenia. Russian Journal of Zoology, 10: 145–147.(in Russian)
    null Darevsky IS . 1957. Systematics and ecology of rock lizards(Lacerta saxicola eversmann). Sbornik Akademii Nauk Armenskoy SSR, 10: 27–57.(in Russian)
    null Darevsky IS . 1965. About one forgotten description of rock lizard (Lacerta saxicola valentini Boettger) from Armenia. Izvestia Nauk Armyansoy SSR, 18: 71–74.(in Russian)
    null Darevsky IS . 1967. Rock Lizards of the Caucasus (Systematics, Ecology, and Phylogeny of the Polymorphic Lizards of the Caucasus of the Subgenus Archaeolacerta). Nauka, Saint Petersburg Leningrad: Published for Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation, Washington D.C. by the Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre, New Dehli.
    null Darevsky IS , Danielyan FD . 1967. Comparative study of foraging in rock lizard (Lacerta saxicola eversmann) in the conditions of Armenia. Biologiya, 105: 81–86.(in Russian)
    null Darevsky IS , Grechko VV , Kupriyanova LA . 2000. Lizards, reproducing without males. Priroda, 9: 131–133.(in Russian)
    null Darevsky IS , Kupriyanova LA . 1985. Parthenogenesis in reptiles. In: Uzzell T.Biology of the Reptilia, Vol. 15, Development B. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 412–526.
    null Darevsky IS , Kupriyanova LA , Bakradze MA . 1977. Residual biparentality in parthenogenetic species of rock lizards of Lacerta genus. Journal Obshey Biologii, 38: 772–779.(in Russian)
    null Darevsky IS , Uzzel T , Kupriyanova LA , Danielyan FD . 1973. Hybrid triploid males in sympartric populations of parthenogenetic and biparental species of Lacerla genus. Buliten Moskovskogo Obshestva Estesvoispitateley Prirodi, 78: 48–57.(in Russian)
    null Darevsky IS , Kupriyanova LA , Uzzel T . 1985. Parthenogenesis in reptiles. In: Gans C, Billet F (eds). Biology of the Reptilian, Vol. 15. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons Inc., 412–526.
    null Davies NB . 1992. Mating system. In: Krebs JR, Davies NB. Behavioural Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach. Oxford: Blackwell, 263–294.
    null Fisher JW , Muth A . 1989. A technique for permanently marking lizards. Herpetological Review, 20:45–46.
    null Freitas S , Rocha S , Campos J , Ahmadzadeh F , Corti C , Sillero N , Ilgaz C , Kumlutas Y , rakelyan M , Harris J , Carretero MA . 2016. Parthenogenesis through the ice ages: a biogeographic analysis of Caucasian rock lizards (genus Darevskia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 102:117–127.
    null Fu J , Murphy RW , Darevsky IS . 2000. Divergence of the cytochrome b gene in the Lacerta raddei complex and its parthenogenetic daughter species: evidence for recent multiple origins. Copeia, 2000 (2): 432–440.
    null Galoyan EA . 2010. Distribution of parthenogenetic rock lizards (Darevskia armeniaca, Darevskia unisexualis) in northern Armenia and their comparison with biparental species. Russian Journal of Zoology, 89: 470–474.(in Russian)
    null Galoyan EA . 2013a. Joint space use in a parthenogenetic Armenian rock lizard (Darevskia armeniaca) suggests weak competition among monoclonal females. Journal of Herpetology, 47(1): 97–104.
    null Galoyan EA . 2013b. Inter– and intraspecies relations in rock lizards of Darevskia genus. In: Ananyeva NB, Syromyatnikova EV, Doronin IV. Modern Herpetology: Problems and Ways to Solve. Articles by materials of the first international youth conference of herpetologists of Russia and adjustment countries. Saint Petersburg, 61–66. (in Russian)
    null Galoyan EA . 2017. Unstable social structre indicates low diversity of relationships in the spotted forest skink Sphenomorphus maculatus . Amphibia-Reptilia. 38(3): 383–393.
    null Gonzalez RP , Thomas L , Marques TA . 2017. Estimation bias under model selection for distance sampling detection functions. Environmental and Ecological Statistics. 24(3): 399–414.
    null Husak JF , Fox SF . 2003. Adult male collared lizards, Crotaphytus collaris, increase aggression towards displaced neighbours. Animal Behaviour, 65(2):391–396.
    null Jenssen, TA, Marcellini DL , Buhlmann KA , Goforth PH . 1989. Differential infanticide by adult curly–tailed lizards, Leiocephalus schreibersi . Animal Behaviour, 38(6): 1054–1061.
    null Kendeigh SC . 1944. Measurement of bird populations. Ecological Monographs, 14(1): 67–107.
    null Kolarov TN , Ljubisavljevic LK , Polovic L , Dzukic G , Kalezic ML . 2010. The body size, age structure and growth pattern of the endemic balkan mosor rock lizard (Dinarolacerta mosorensis kolombatovic, 1886). Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 56(1): 55–71.
    null Kurnaz M , Ero?lu A? , Bülbül U , Ko? H , Kutrup B . 2017. The life–history traits in a breeding population of Darevskia valentini from Turkey. Acta Herpetologica, 12(2): 167–173.
    null Lukina GP . 1963. Systematic position and biology of rock lizard Lacerta saxicola eversmann on the northwest border of distribution area of the species within Caucasus. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Azerbaydjanskoy SSR, 6: 53–61.(in Russian)
    null Macarthur RH . 1958. Population ecology of some warblers of northeastern coniferous forests. Ecology, 39(4): 599–619.
    null Meiri S . 2010. Length–weight allometries in lizards. Journal of Zoology, 281(3): 218–226.
    null M?ller AP . 2004. Rapid temporal change in frequency of infanticide in a passerine bird associated with change in population density and body condition. Behavioural Ecology, 15(3): 462–468.
    null Murphy RW , Fu J , Macculloch RD , Darevsky IS , Kupriyanova LA . 2000. A ?ne line between sex and unisexuality: the phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 130(4): 527–549.
    null Nicholson KE, Richards PM . 2011. Home–range size and overlap within an introduced population of the cuban knight anole, Anolis equestris (squamata: iguanidae). Phyllomedusa, 10(1): 65–73.
    null O’Connor DE , Shine R . 2004. Parental care protects against infanticide in the lizard Egernia saxatilis (scincidae). Animal Behaviour, 68(6): 1361–1369.
    null Perry G , Garland T . 2002. Lizard home ranges revisited: effects of sex, body size, diet, habitat, and phylogeny. Ecology, 83(7): 1870–1885.
    null Petrosyan VG , Osipov FA , Bobrov VV , Dergunova N , Danielyan FD , Arakelyan MS . 2019. Ew records of Darevskia rmeniaca (Meheli, 1909) and Darevskia valentini (Boettger, 892)(Squamata Sauria, Lacertidae) from Armenia and updated geographic distribution maps. Check List, 15(1): 21–31.
    null Pianka ER . 1973. The structure of lizard communities. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics. 4: 53–74.
    null Pianka ER , Vitt LJ . 2003. Lizards: Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. Berkeley, Los Angeles & London: University of California Press.
    null Pincheira–Donoso D , Hodgson DJ , Tregenza T . 2008. The evolution of body size under environmental gradients in ectotherms: why should bergmann's rule apply to lizards?. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 8: 68.
    null Smirina EM . 1974. Prospects of age determination by bone layers in reptiles. Russian Journal of Zoology, 53:111–117.(in Russian)
    null Smolensky NL , Fitzgerald LA . 2010. Distance sampling underestimates population densities of dune–dwelling lizards. Journal of Herpetology, 44(3): 372–381.
    null Spellerberg IF . 1972. Thermal ecology of allopatric lizards(sphenomorphus) in southeast Australia. Oecologia, 9(4): 385–398.
    null Regal PJ . 1983. The adaptive zone and behaviour of lizards. In: Huey RB, Pianka ER, Schoener TW. Lizard Ecology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 105–118.
    null Ryskov AP , Osipov FA , Omelchenko AV , Semyenova SK , Girnyk AE , Korchagin VI , Vergun AA , Murphy RW . 2017. The origin of multiple clones in the parthenogenetic lizard species Darevskia rostombekowi . PLoS One, 12(9): e0185161.
    null Schoener TW . 1971. Theory of feeding strategies. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 2: 369–404.
    null Southwood TRE , Henderson PA . 2000. Ecological Methods, 3rd edn. Oxford: Blackwell Science.
    null Sergeev AM . 1937. Materials to the question of the postembryonic growth of reptiles. Russian Journal of Zoology, 16: 723–734.
    null Spangenberg V , Arakelyan M , Galoyan E , Matveevsky S , Petrosyan R , Bogdanov Y , Danielyan F , Kolomiets O . 2017. Reticulate evolution of the rock lizards: meiotic chromosome dynamics and spermatogenesis in diploid and triploid males of the genus Darevskia . Genes, 8(6): E149.
    null Stamps JA . 1977. Social behavior and spacing patterns in lizards. In: Gans C, Tinkle DW. Biology of the Reptilia, Vol. 7. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 265-334.
    null Tarkhnishvili D , Gabelaia M , Mumladze L , Murtskhvaladze M . 2016. Mitochondrial phylogeny of the Darevskia saxicola complex: two highly deviant evolutionary lineages from the easternmost part of the range. The Herpetological Journal, 26: 175–182.
    null Tarkhnishvili D , Gavashelishvili A , Avaliani A , Murtskhvaladze M , Mumladze L . 2010. Unisexual rock lizard might be outcompeting its biparental progenitors in the caucasus. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 101(2): 447–460.
    null Tarkhnishvili D , Murtskhvaladze M , Anderson CL . 2017. Coincidence of genotypes at two loci in two parthenogenetic rock lizards: How backcrosses might trigger adaptive speciation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 121(2): 365–378.
    null Tarkhnishvili D , Murtskhvaladze M , Gavashelishvili A . 2013. Speciation in Caucasian lizards:climatic dissimilarity of the habitats is more important than isolation time. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 109(4): 876–892.
    null Trofimov AG . 1981. Population Spatial Structure of Some Parthenogenetic and Gonochoristic Rock Lizards from the Caucasus. Ph.D. Dissertation, Taras Shevchenko Kyiv University, Kyev. (in Russian)
    null Tsellarius AY , Tsellarius EY . 2001. Dynamics of population spatial structure in Lacerta saxicola in deciduous forests of the Navagir mountain ridge. Russian Journal of Zoology, 80: 1–8.(in Russian)
    null Tsellarius AY , Tsellarius EY . 2005. Space use pattern and mating system of the rock lizard Lacerta saxicola (reptilia, sauria). Journal of Modern Herpetology, 3: 99–110.(in Russian)
    null Tsellarius AY , Tsellarius EY . 2009. Length of life and mortality factors in the rock lizard darevskia brauneri (sauria) according to long–term observations on the Navagir mountain ridge. Russian Journal of Zoology, 88: 1276–1280.(in Russian)
    null Tsellarius AY , Tsellarius EY , Galoyan EA . 2008. Interrelation of adults and juveniles of rock lizards — Darevskia brauneri (reptilia, sauria) in the Navagir mountain ridge. Journal of Modern Herpetology, 8: 170–186.(in Russian)
    null Tsellarius AY , Tsellarius EY , Galoyan EA . 2016. Social relations between males and females of the rock lizard Darevskia brauneri (lacertidae) 1. Friendly monogyny n Males and Polyandry in Females. Biology Bulletin. 43(9): 1077–1086.
    null Tsellarius AY , Tsellarius EY , Galoyan EA . 2017. Social relations between males and females of the rock lizard Darevskia brauneri (lacertidae) 3. competition between females and it’s role in the formation of intersexual friendly relations. Russian Journal of Zoology, 96: 439–448.(in Russian)
    null Peter Uetz . Darevskia valentini. http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz. Accessed: 23.12.2017.
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (1698) PDF downloads(376) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint