Volume 37 Issue 5
Sep.  2016
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Yang XU, Si-Wei ZHU, Qing-Wei LI. Lamprey: a model for vertebrate evolutionary research. Zoological Research, 2016, 37(5): 263-269. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.5.263
Citation: Yang XU, Si-Wei ZHU, Qing-Wei LI. Lamprey: a model for vertebrate evolutionary research. Zoological Research, 2016, 37(5): 263-269. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.5.263

Lamprey: a model for vertebrate evolutionary research

doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.5.263
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  • Corresponding author: Qing-Wei LI
  • Received Date: 2016-06-10
  • Rev Recd Date: 2016-08-03
  • Publish Date: 2016-09-18
  • Lampreys belong to the superclass Cyclostomata and represent the most ancient group of vertebrates. Existing for over 360 million years, they are known as living fossils due to their many evolutionally conserved features. They are not only a keystone species for studying the origin and evolution of vertebrates, but also one of the best models for researching vertebrate embryonic development and organ differentiation. From the perspective of genetic information, the lamprey genome remains primitive compared with that of other higher vertebrates, and possesses abundant functional genes. Through scientific and technological progress, scientists have conducted in-depth studies on the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems of lampreys. Such research has significance for understanding and revealing the origin and evolution of vertebrates, and could contribute to a greater understanding of human diseases and treatments. This review presents the current progress and significance of lamprey research.
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