Volume 37 Issue 4
Jul.  2016
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Ming SHAO, Tian-Rui XU, Ce-Shi CHEN. The big bang of genome editing technology: development and application of the CRISPR/Cas9 system in disease animal models. Zoological Research, 2016, 37(4): 191-204. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.4.191
Citation: Ming SHAO, Tian-Rui XU, Ce-Shi CHEN. The big bang of genome editing technology: development and application of the CRISPR/Cas9 system in disease animal models. Zoological Research, 2016, 37(4): 191-204. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.4.191

The big bang of genome editing technology: development and application of the CRISPR/Cas9 system in disease animal models

doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.4.191
Funds:  This work was partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81202110, 81120108019, U1132605 and 81325016)
More Information
  • Corresponding author: Ce-Shi CHEN
  • Received Date: 2015-11-10
  • Rev Recd Date: 2016-01-20
  • Publish Date: 2016-07-18
  • Targeted genome editing technology has been widely used in biomedical studies. The CRISPR-associated RNA-guided endonuclease Cas9 has become a versatile genome editing tool. The CRISPR/Cas9 system is useful for studying gene function through efficient knock-out, knock-in or chromatin modification of the targeted gene loci in various cell types and organisms. It can be applied in a number of fields, such as genetic breeding, disease treatment and gene functional investigation. In this review, we introduce the most recent developments and applications, the challenges, and future directions of Cas9 in generating disease animal model. Derived from the CRISPR adaptive immune system of bacteria, the development trend of Cas9 will inevitably fuel the vital applications from basic research to biotechnology and bio-medicine.
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