Volume 34 Issue 3
May  2013
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Tian-Bo CHEN, Yik-Hei SUNG, Pui-Lok Bosco CHAN, Yuan-Jun MENG, Pak-Ho WAN. Influence of surface water availability on mammal distributions in Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 145-151. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0145
Citation: Tian-Bo CHEN, Yik-Hei SUNG, Pui-Lok Bosco CHAN, Yuan-Jun MENG, Pak-Ho WAN. Influence of surface water availability on mammal distributions in Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 145-151. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0145

Influence of surface water availability on mammal distributions in Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0145
  • Received Date: 2012-11-02
  • Rev Recd Date: 2013-01-22
  • Publish Date: 2013-06-08
  • Surface water is a major limiting factor affecting animal activities in karst ecosystems. From March, 2006 to June, 2007 and from October, 2010 to May, 2011, infra-red camera traps were installed along animal trails and temporary rain pools in Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China, to monitor mammal diversity and relative abundance. In total, 19 species from 17 genera, 12 families, and 5 orders were recorded, including two State Key Protection Class I species, the François’ langur (Trachypithecus francoisi) and Assam macaque (Macaca assamensis). Although 42% of species only occurred in one of the microhabitats, differences in species assemblages between trails and pools were not significant. The results of our observation indicated that camera trapping was effective in monitoring medium to large sized mammals, and for recording illegal hunting. In addition, our results suggest that authorities should reinforce patrolling, especially at water pools during the dry season, and eradicate unsustainable extraction of underground water. Moreover, based on the advantages of large inhibited environments to animal species, especially to large predators, we also recommend connecting the three isolated sections of the reserve to promote species recovery and dispersal.
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