1982 Vol. 3, No. 1

Display Method:
The cortical structures of U.cristata are numerous and complex, not only its are large in number and different in size,but also their basses are diffenent.
Zhangshimei, Zhaoyuongxiang
1982, 3(1): 31-35.
+ Abstract(907) PDF (198KB)(16)
This peper deals with the faunal analysis of 1,100 species of agricultural insects including the pests and their enemies. The present paper is divided into two paragraphs: the first paragraph introduces the types of fauna of the insects and the percentage of eache type, and the second one illustrates the nemes of the species whose south or north border of distribution are within Jiangxi, and indicates their sourh or north disributional lies.Among these insects, the total number of 48.82% belong to the fauna of Oriental region, and 16.91% are palaearcitc region. If all of the "Oriental's" are summed up, the percentage will inicrease to 81.64%, and "palaearctic's" will increase to 43.46%, so it is safe to say that Jiangxi belougs to the fauna of Oriental region and near the south border of Palareactic region.
The present paper is the first anatomical report about the arterial arches of hands of three different kinds of Snub-nosed monkeys. Altogether we have dissected ten hands. Six of the ten hands possess arcus volaris superficialis while the nest four without this arterial arches. In those without arcus volaris superficialis superficiallis, the radial artery branches oout to supply both sides of digit I,II,III,the radial side of digit IV, and the ulnar artery gives off the branches distributing both sides of digit V and ulnar side of digit IV. Arcus volaris profundus appear in all ten hands.
Lichaoda, Caijingxia, Liushiyi
1982, 3(1): 45-51.
+ Abstract(945) PDF (217KB)(19)
A faunal survey was conducted from April 1963 to February, 1966 in the Ankang region of the southern part in Shanxi Province. Co9llections were made at the following localities (see map 1): Ningshan, Shiquan, Hanyin, Ankang, Xnuyang, langao,Pingli, Baihe, ziyang, Zhenping.Altogether 2,989 specimens were collected including 96 species and subspecies,belonging to 26 families and 7 orders.
Ecology of Alectoris graeca magna has not thoroughly been reported upon. The paper is based on material collected during February-December, 1069. in Qinghai province and April-December, 1980, in Qinghai, Gansu province and Ningxia Hui-zu Autonomous Region.Habits: The rock partridges prefer the sunny slopes of yellow soil mounds with sparse stunted vegetation, the rocky slopes of mountain and yellow soil ravines sparsely dotted with srunted grasses. They are found generally around water (snring, rivers, etc.). They always gather in flocks in autumn and winter. In warm middays in spring and in hot middays in summer and autumn they roost the shade, whereas in winter middays they roost on sunny spots.Diet: Food varies. The partridges feed chiefly on seeds, bulbs,rhizomes, fruits,leaves, seedlings and shoots of plants and also to a lesser extent on insects.Breeding: Nesting occurs from the end of March to mid-April in the Qinghai Plateau; from early March to mid-March in the Liupanshan mountain ranges. They nest at heights of 1,600-2,100m.in the Qinghai plateau.The nember of eggs varies from 9 to 20 per clutch. The eggs are dusky creamy in color with paler brown and brown specks. The size of eggs averages 41.9(40-43.6)X32.9(32.4-33.5)mm.Incubation time:2-24days.Call:(1) General call "ga, ga,ga,ga,ga,ge-la, ga,ge-la ge-la, ge-la,ge-la,ge-la,gela"(2)when alarmed "ja-,ja-,ja-..."with "a" rpolonged; (3) Adults heading youg sound "ge,ge,ge,..."; (4)Druing breeding time the males give a warning call somewhat like a whistle;l(5) When fly "fei-ji,fei-jie, fei-ji...:Molt:Molting occurs after the breeding season from September to the end of October.natural enemies:Are primarily raptors and mustellides.
This paper reports 55 species of Vespoidea from Yunnan province, China. Among them, a new species Cyrtolabulus yunnanensis is described. Type specimens are deposited in the Institute of zoology, Academia Sinica.Cyrtolabulus yunnanensis, sp. nov.Closely allied to Cyrtolabulus humbertianus(Saussure), but clypeus black with a yellow band in the base. Outer side of fore and mid tibiae yellow.
1982, 3(1): 89-94.
+ Abstract(769) PDF (154KB)(15)
Recovery effect of ultraviolet light on the cell menbrane damage of rat erythrocytes in vitro was studied.Blood samples taken from the rat was centrifuged to separate blood cells from the plasma. The cells were washed twice with isotonic saline, resuspended in normal saline and irradiated. The cell suspensions were exposed to ultraviolet light 5 min 10-20min after γ—irradiation with 60Co γ—ray then kept at 5 ℃ for 20 hours and centrifuged. The hemoglobin of the supernatants was determined. The main results obtained may be summarized as follows:Ultraviolet light decreases radiation-induced hemolysis. The cell suspension of rat erythrocytes exposed to ultraviolet light 5 min 10-20 after irradiation with 300Gy, the radiation-induced hemolysis decreased twice more than that of the control. Hewever, the differences between control and ultraviolet light treated ones are statistically significant (P<0.05).