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Yu-Qing Cao, Yong-Xin Wang, Yan Zhao, Jia Zhang, Xian He, Ping Xie, Jun Chen, Yu-Hua Sun. Transfer of the zp3a gene results in changes in egg adhesiveness and buoyancy in transgenic zebrafish. Zoological Research, 2023, 44(2): 259-268. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2022.330
Citation: Yu-Qing Cao, Yong-Xin Wang, Yan Zhao, Jia Zhang, Xian He, Ping Xie, Jun Chen, Yu-Hua Sun. Transfer of the zp3a gene results in changes in egg adhesiveness and buoyancy in transgenic zebrafish. Zoological Research, 2023, 44(2): 259-268. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2022.330

Transfer of the zp3a gene results in changes in egg adhesiveness and buoyancy in transgenic zebrafish

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2022.330
Raw data were submitted to the NCBI Sequence Read Archive (SRA) database (BioProjectID PRJNA910672), GSA database (PRJCA013771), and Science Data Bank database (DOI:10.57760/sciencedb.j00139.00044, DOI:10.57760/sciencedb.06900).
Supplementary data to this article can be found online.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Y.Q.C., Y.X.W., and X.H. from Sun Lab performed most experiments. Y.Z. and J.Z. performed the TEM experiments. P.X., J.C., and Y.H.S. supervised the work. Y.H.S. provided the facilities for the work and wrote the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
Funds:  This work was supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB31000000)
More Information
  • Reproductive strategies and spawning habits play key roles in the evolution of endemic East Asian cyprinids. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of spawning habits are not well understood. We recently identified zona pellucida (Zp) as the top differentially expressed protein between East Asian cyprinids that produce adhesive and semi-buoyant eggs, suggesting that Zp protein may play important roles in the regulation of egg type. In this work, we generated transgenic zebrafish in which oocyte-specific expression of zp genes from rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus), an East Asian cyprinid laying adhesive eggs, was driven by a zebrafish zp3.2 gene promoter. We found that the transgenic eggs obtained partial adhesiveness and exhibited alteration in hydration and buoyancy. Abnormal metabolism of vitellogenin (VTG) may contribute to enhanced hydration and/or buoyancy. Our work shows that expression of the exogenous zp3a gene from an adhesive-egg producing fish is sufficient to induce changes in both egg adhesiveness and buoyancy in zebrafish, emphasizing the important role of zp genes in the regulation of spawning habits. Our results thus provide new insights into how endemic East Asian cyprinids may have adapted to the Yangtze river-lake system via changes in spawning habits.
  • Raw data were submitted to the NCBI Sequence Read Archive (SRA) database (BioProjectID PRJNA910672), GSA database (PRJCA013771), and Science Data Bank database (DOI:10.57760/sciencedb.j00139.00044, DOI:10.57760/sciencedb.06900).
    Supplementary data to this article can be found online.
    The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
    Y.Q.C., Y.X.W., and X.H. from Sun Lab performed most experiments. Y.Z. and J.Z. performed the TEM experiments. P.X., J.C., and Y.H.S. supervised the work. Y.H.S. provided the facilities for the work and wrote the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
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