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Living in forests: strata use by Indo-Chinese gray langurs (Trachypithecus crepusculus) and the effect of forest cover on Trachypithecus terrestriality

Chi Ma Wei-Guo Xiong Li Yang Lu Zhang Peter Robert Tomlin Wu Chen Peng-Fei Fan

Chi Ma, Wei-Guo Xiong, Li Yang, Lu Zhang, Peter Robert Tomlin, Wu Chen, Peng-Fei Fan. Living in forests: strata use by Indo-Chinese gray langurs (Trachypithecus crepusculus) and the effect of forest cover on Trachypithecus terrestriality. Zoological Research, 2020, 41(4): 373-380. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2020.047
Citation: Chi Ma, Wei-Guo Xiong, Li Yang, Lu Zhang, Peter Robert Tomlin, Wu Chen, Peng-Fei Fan. Living in forests: strata use by Indo-Chinese gray langurs (Trachypithecus crepusculus) and the effect of forest cover on Trachypithecus terrestriality. Zoological Research, 2020, 41(4): 373-380. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2020.047

印支灰叶猴 (Trachypithecus crepusculus) 林层利用及森林覆盖率对乌叶猴属 (Trachypithecus) 地栖性的影响

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2020.047

Living in forests: strata use by Indo-Chinese gray langurs (Trachypithecus crepusculus) and the effect of forest cover on Trachypithecus terrestriality

Funds: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31372216, 31822049)
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  • 摘要:

    研究动物在不同栖息地条件下表现出的行为弹性对于濒危物种保护来说至关重要。乌叶猴属动物生活在多样的栖息地中,表现出不同的林层利用模式;然而栖息地结构对于林层利用的影响尚未得到深入研究。本研究于2012年6月至2016年1月调查了印支灰叶猴 (Trachypithecus crepusculus) 在无量山原始常绿林中的林层利用模式,并且比较了印支灰叶猴和其它5个乌叶猴属物种在林层利用和地栖行为上的异同。不同于生活在喀斯特石山的叶猴,印支灰叶猴研究群体表现出高度的树栖性,在地面活动的时间只占总活动时间的2.9%。研究群体倾向于在较高的林层休息,在较低的林层 (<20m) 移动;在地面的时间主要用于食土,极少用于取食其它食物。这些林层利用模式与石山叶猴 (黑叶猴,T. francoisi) 在连续性较好的森林中的行为相似。本研究还发现乌叶猴属地栖程度与栖息地森林覆盖率之间存在显著的负相关关系,这种关系在石山叶猴内部也具有显著性,暗示石山叶猴因森林覆盖率的下降而提高了地栖性。本研究结果揭示了乌叶猴属物种在林层利用方面的行为弹性,强调了连续程度高的森林对于叶猴保护的重要性。

  • Figure  1.  Monthly mean forest strata use by a group of Trachypithecus crepusculus in Mt. Wuliang over 24 months

    Error bars indicate 95% confidence intervals.

    Figure  2.  Strata use patterns in a group of T. crepusculus in Mt. Wuliang over 24 months when engaged in different activities

    Figure  3.  Relationship between terrestriality and habitat forest cover for six species of Trachypithecus

    Figure  4.  Forest layer use by T. crepusculus and T. francoisi when traveling.

    * indicates data collected from Zhou et al. (2013).

    Table  1.   Habitat characteristics and terrestriality of six Trachypithecus species

    SpeciesForest cover (%)Terrestriality (%)HabitatLocationMethod for collecting behavior dataSample sizeReferences
    T. crepusculus78.002.9Evergreen broadleaf forestDazhaizi, China10 min scan43 347 records, 2–11 d/mon,
    24 mon
    This study
    T. obscurus73.006.0LimestoneKhao Lommuak, Thailand15 min scan14 341 records, 5–20 d/mon,
    12 mon
    Aggimarangsee, 2004
    T. leucocephalus68.1530.0LimestoneFusui, China10 min scan10 570 recordsHuang et al., 2002; Xiong et al., 2009
    T. francoisi59.4839.2LimestoneFusui, China10 min scan7 030 recordsXiong et al., 2009
    T. poliocephalus58.3454.0LimestoneCat Ba Island, Vietnam10 min scan549 h, 180 d,
    12 mon
    Hendershott et al., 2018
    T. delacouri41.4079.0LimestoneVan Long, VietnamFocal animal13 976 bouts,
    372 h, 203 d,
    12 mon
    Workman, 2010; Workman & Schmitt, 2012
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-12-19
  • 录用日期:  2020-04-26
  • 网络出版日期:  2020-05-09
  • 刊出日期:  2020-07-18

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