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Prolonged milk provisioning and extended maternal care in the milking spider Toxeus magnus: biological implications and questions unresolved

Bing Dong Rui-Chang Quan Zhan-Qi Chen

Bing Dong, Rui-Chang Quan, Zhan-Qi Chen. Prolonged milk provisioning and extended maternal care in the milking spider Toxeus magnus: biological implications and questions unresolved. Zoological Research, 2019, 40(4): 241-243. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.041
Citation: Bing Dong, Rui-Chang Quan, Zhan-Qi Chen. Prolonged milk provisioning and extended maternal care in the milking spider Toxeus magnus: biological implications and questions unresolved. Zoological Research, 2019, 40(4): 241-243. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.041

大蚁蛛 Toxeus magnus长期哺乳与亲代抚育:生物学意义与研究方向

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.041

Prolonged milk provisioning and extended maternal care in the milking spider Toxeus magnus: biological implications and questions unresolved

Funds: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30800121)
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    Corresponding author: Rui-Chang Quan,Zhan-Qi Chen
  • 摘要: 哺乳和抚育成年后代被认为仅共存于高等社会性哺乳动物中,而对大蚁蛛Toxeus magnus繁殖过程的报道却表明:节肢动物也存在和高等社会性哺乳动物类似的繁殖模式。基于此发现,以下四个研究问题函待解决:1)大蚁蛛泌乳的生理机制。哺乳动物的乳汁来自特化的汗腺(即乳腺),而不具备汗腺的大蚁蛛的泌乳机制仍是未知。因此研究大蚁蛛的泌乳生理机制有助于更透彻地了解节肢动物哺乳行为;2)大蚁蛛亲代抚育的延迟效益。长期亲代抚育往往会使幼体各项技能(例如获得配偶、捕食、躲避天敌和抚育后代)得到充分发育,这些技能使幼体在与父母分离后仍持续获得利益,这种现象可称为亲代抚育的延迟效益。但关于此的研究基本上仅限于高等脊椎动物,罕见于无脊椎动物,因此该研究可在很大程度上填补亲代抚育延迟效益在无脊椎类群的空白;3)大蚁蛛哺乳和长期亲代抚育的进化历程。通过分析在系统发育中哺乳行为、亲代抚育行为和泌乳生理特征的进化历程,我们可以重现大蚁蛛哺乳和长期亲代抚育行为的进化过程;4)哺乳与长期亲代抚育行为的进化驱动力。对比亲缘关系相近的不同物种(或不同种群)生存环境的差异,我们可以分析哺乳和长期亲代抚育行为进化的生态驱动因子。此研究将增进我们对广义哺乳行为和长期亲代抚育出现和进化的必要生态因素的理解。
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  • 收稿日期:  2019-05-13
  • 刊出日期:  2019-07-18

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