Volume 31 Issue 3
May  2010
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XIANG Xian-Ling, XI Yi-Long, WEN Xin-Li, ZHANG Jin-Yan, MA Qin. Spatial Patterns of Genetic Differentiation in Brachionus calyciflorus Species Complex. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(3): 205-220. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.03205
Citation: XIANG Xian-Ling, XI Yi-Long, WEN Xin-Li, ZHANG Jin-Yan, MA Qin. Spatial Patterns of Genetic Differentiation in Brachionus calyciflorus Species Complex. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(3): 205-220. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.03205

Spatial Patterns of Genetic Differentiation in Brachionus calyciflorus Species Complex

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.03205
Funds:  基金项目:国家自然科学基金(30770352, 30499341);安徽省优秀青年基金(08040106904);安徽省教育厅自然科学基金(KJ2009B089Z); “重要生物资源保护和利用研究”安徽省重点实验室专项基金资助;安徽师范大学青年基金资助项目(2008xqn71)
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  • Corresponding author: XI Yi-Long
  • Received Date: 2009-12-04
  • Rev Recd Date: 2010-04-20
  • Publish Date: 2010-06-22
  • To understand spatial patterns of genetic differentiation in the Brachionus calyciflorus species complex, the rDNA ITS regions of 124 rotifer clones collected from eight geographic regions in East China were sequenced and analyzed. A total of 73 haplotypes were defined, and were grouped into three clades by the phylogenetic trees. The divergences of ITS sequence among the three clades ranged from 4.2% to 25.3%, indicating the occurrence of three cryptic species (cryptic species I, cryptic species II and cryptic species III). The sympatric co-occurrence of these cryptic species was observed at Guangzhou, Danzhou and Wuhu. The nucleotide diversity in B. calyciflorus complex was higher, and so was haplotype diversity. Within cryptic species III, the higher genetic differentiation might attribute to fragmentation, restricted gene flow, and interfered effective gene flow and accelerated differentiation of geographic populations by the rapid increase of colonizers after an ambiguous glacial bottleneck. The nested clade analysis suggested to some extent the geographic structure, and the non-significant correlation existed between the geographic distance and the average pairwise difference between populations (Da) as well as Fst. The Younger Dryas Event after the last full glacial period might has considerable effect on the patterns of geographic structure and distribution of cryptic B. calyciflorus species. During the YD event, the three cryptic species probably retreated and co-occurred in multiple relict refugia to the south of Nanling area. Long-distance colonization possibly coupled with subsequent fragmentation might be the main reason of the current patterns of geographic structure. The geographic distribution of B. calyciflorus complex on a global scale might attribute to the motion of continental plates.
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