Volume 29 Issue 4
Jul.  2008
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HE Ying-ying, LIU Shu-bai, QIAN Jin-qiao, LEE Wen-hui, ZHANG Yun. Mechanism of -CAT Cell Nuclear Transportation andSelectively Killing of Tumor cells. Zoological Research, 2008, 29(4): 386-398. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2008.04386
Citation: HE Ying-ying, LIU Shu-bai, QIAN Jin-qiao, LEE Wen-hui, ZHANG Yun. Mechanism of -CAT Cell Nuclear Transportation andSelectively Killing of Tumor cells. Zoological Research, 2008, 29(4): 386-398. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2008.04386

Mechanism of -CAT Cell Nuclear Transportation andSelectively Killing of Tumor cells

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2008.04386
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  • Corresponding author: ZHANG Yun
  • Received Date: 2008-04-25
  • Rev Recd Date: 1900-01-01
  • Publish Date: 2008-08-22
  • bg-CAT is a naturally existing protein complex of non-lens bg-crystallin and trefoil factor, purified from Bombina maxima skin secretions. In HUVECs, bg-CAT can be rapidly endocytosed via intracellular vacuole formation and translocated to the nucleus to regulate cell fuction. In this paper, we found that it contains conserved Walker B motifs (IILYDEPS, residues 6-13) and Walker A motifs (GQSLSGKS, residues 96-103) in the bg-CAT a-subunit sequence. bg-CAT showed potential NTP-binding and weak GTPase/ATPase activities in vitro. Through Western blotting analysis, we found that the a- and b-subunits of bg-CAT participated in a 150 kDa SDS-stable protein complex formation, which also contained positive ubiquitination signals in the bg-CAT treated HUVEC. Furthermore,under confocal microscopy, the immunofluorescence signals of ubiquitin and bg-CAT subunits were co-localized in the vacuoles that were distributed in the cytoplasm and nucleus. In addition, bg-CAT could induce several tumor cell’s detachment and apoptosis, and selectively kill tumor cells. These findings provide a clue to understand the mechanism of bg-CAT endocysis and nuclear transport, and give an insight to investigate the possible occurrence of similar molecule’s cellular functions and action mechanisms of non-lens bg-crystallins and trefoil factors in mammals.
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