Volume 40 Issue 5
Sep.  2019
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Da-Peng Zhao, Bo-Song Li, Bao-Guo Li. Postural effect on manual laterality during grooming in northern white-cheeked gibbons (Nomascus leucogenys). Zoological Research, 2019, 40(5): 449-455. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.059
Citation: Da-Peng Zhao, Bo-Song Li, Bao-Guo Li. Postural effect on manual laterality during grooming in northern white-cheeked gibbons (Nomascus leucogenys). Zoological Research, 2019, 40(5): 449-455. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.059

Postural effect on manual laterality during grooming in northern white-cheeked gibbons (Nomascus leucogenys)

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.059
Funds:  the National Natural Science Foundation of China(31200293)
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  • Corresponding author: Da-Peng Zhao
  • Received Date: 2019-01-21
  • Publish Date: 2019-09-18
  • Investigations on manual laterality in non-human primates can help clarify human evolutionary origins of hand preference and cerebral cognition. Although body posture can influence primate hand preference, investigations on how posture affects hylobatid manual laterality are still in their infancy. This study focused on how spontaneous bipedal behavioral tasks affect hand preference in Hylobatidae. Ten captive northern white-cheeked gibbons (Nomascus leucogenys) were chosen as focal subjects. Unimanual grooming during sitting posture and supported bipedal posture were applied as behavioral tasks. The gibbons displayed a modest tendency on left-hand preference during sitting posture and right-hand preference during supported bipedal posture, although no group-level hand preference was detected for either posture. From the sitting to supported bipedal posture, 70% of individuals displayed different degrees of right-side deviation trends. The strength of manual laterality in the supported bipedal posture was higher than that in the sitting posture. We found significant sex differences in manual laterality during supported bipedal posture but not during sitting posture. Thus, to a certain degree, bipedal posture in N. leucogenys facilitates stronger hand preference, elicits a rightward trend in manual laterality, and produces sex-specific hand preference.
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