Volume 39 Issue 6
Nov.  2018
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
De-Feng Bai, Peng-Ju Chen, Luciano Atzeni, Lhaba Cering, Qian Li, Kun Shi. Assessment of habitat suitability of the snow leopard (Panthera uncia) in Qomolangma National Nature Reserve based on MaxEnt modeling. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(6): 373-386. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.057
Citation: De-Feng Bai, Peng-Ju Chen, Luciano Atzeni, Lhaba Cering, Qian Li, Kun Shi. Assessment of habitat suitability of the snow leopard (Panthera uncia) in Qomolangma National Nature Reserve based on MaxEnt modeling. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(6): 373-386. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.057

Assessment of habitat suitability of the snow leopard (Panthera uncia) in Qomolangma National Nature Reserve based on MaxEnt modeling

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.057
Funds:   
More Information
  • Corresponding author: Kun Shi,E-mail:kunshi@bjfu.edu.cn
  • Publish Date: 2018-11-18
  • Habitat evaluation constitutes an important and fundamental step in the management of wildlife populations and conservation policy planning. Geographic information system (GIS) and species presence data provide the means by which such evaluation can be done. Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt) is widely used in habitat suitability modeling due to its power of accuracy and additional descriptive properties. To survey snow leopard populations in Qomolangma (Mt. Everest, QNNR) National Nature Reserve, Tibet, China, we pooled 127 pugmarks, 415 scrape marks, and 127 non-invasive identifications of the animal along line transects and recorded 87 occurrences through camera traps from 2014–2017. We adopted the MaxEnt model to generate a map highlighting the extent of suitable snow leopard habitat in QNNR. Results showed that the accuracy of the MaxEnt model was excellent (mean AUC=0.921). Precipitation in the driest quarter, ruggedness, elevation, maximum temperature of the warmest month, and annual mean temperature were the main environmental factors influencing habitat suitability for snow leopards, with contribution rates of 20.0%, 14.4%, 13.3%, 8.7%, and 8.2% respectively. The suitable habitat area extended for 7001.93 km2, representing 22.72% of the whole reserve. The regions bordering Nepal were the main suitable snow leopard habitats and consisted of three separate habitat patches. Our findings revealed that precipitation, temperature conditions, ruggedness, and elevations of around 4000 m influenced snow leopard preferences at the landscape level in QNNR. We advocate further research and cooperation with Nepal to evaluate habitat connectivity and to explore possible proxies of population isolation among these patches. Furthermore, evaluation of subdivisions within the protection zones of QNNR is necessary to improve conservation strategies and enhance protection.
  • loading
  • Relative Articles

    [1] Ke Jiang, Kai Wang, Yu-Fan Wang, Cheng Li, Jing Che. A new species of the endemic Himalayan genus Liurana (Anura, Ceratobatrachidae) from southeastern Tibet, China, with comments on the distribution, reproductive biology, and conservation of the genus. Zoological Research, 2019, 40(3): 175-184.  doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.025
    [2] Yi-Ming Hu, Zhi-Xin Zhou, Zhi-Wen Huang, Ming Li, Zhi-Gang Jiang, Jian-Pu Wu, Wu-Lin Liu, Kun Jin, Hui-Jian Hu. A new record of the capped langur (Trachypithecus pileatus) in China. Zoological Research, 2017, 38(4): 203-205.  doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.038
    [3] Ke JIANG, Kai WANG, Da-Hu ZOU, Fang YAN, Pi-Peng LI, Jing CHE. A new species of the genus Scutiger (Anura: Megophryidae) from Medog of southeastern Tibet, China. Zoological Research, 2016, 37(1): 21-30.  doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.1.21
    [4] Ke JIANG, Kai WANG, Fang YAN, Jiang XIE, Da-Hu ZOU, Wu-Lin LIU, Jian-Ping JIANG, Cheng LI, Jing CHE. A new species of the genus Amolops (Amphibia: Ranidae) from southeastern Tibet, China. Zoological Research, 2016, 37(1): 31-40.  doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.1.31
    [5] Alice LAGUARDIA, Jun WANG, Fang-Lei SHI, Kun SHI, Philip RIORDAN. Species identification refined by molecular scatology in a community of sympatric carnivores in Xinjiang, China. Zoological Research, 2015, 36(2): 72-78.
    [6] Guo-Gang ZHANG, Dong-Ping LIU, Feng-Shan LI, Fa-Wen QIAN, Tian MA, Ding DAN, Jun LU. Species and populations of waterbirds wintering in the Yarlung Zangbo and its tributaries in Tibet,China. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(S1): 92-100.  doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0092
    [7] Jing-Jing LI, Lian-Xian HAN, Hong-Fen CAO, Yuan TIAN, Bo-Yong PENG, Bin WANG, Hui-Jian HU. The fauna and vertical distribution of birds in Mount Qomolangma National Nature Reserve. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(6): 531-548.  doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0531
    [8] LIU Peng, HUANG Xiao-Feng, GU Shu-Sheng, LU Chang-Hu. Habitat selection of four sympatric pheasants in Guanshan National Nature Reserve, Jiangxi, China. Zoological Research, 2012, (2): 170-176.  doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.02170
    [9] TONG Meng, WANG Xiang-Wei, PAN Shi-Xiu, AN Tan-Hong, FENG Jin-Chao, MENG Xiu-Xia. Summer habitat selection of alpine musk deer in Xinglongshan National Nature Reserve, Northwestern China. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(6): 610-616.  doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.06610
    [10] XU Ji-Liang, ZHANG Xiao-Hui, ZHANG Zheng-Wang, *, ZHENG Guang-Mei, RUAN Xiang-Feng, ZHANG Ke-Yin, XI Bo. Breeding Habitat Selection of Reeves's Pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesii) in Dongzhai National Nature Reserve, Henan Province, China. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(2): 198-204.  doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.02198
    [11] HUANG Yong, QUAN Rui-chang, REN Guo-peng, XIAO Wen, ZHU Jian-guo. Habitat Alternation of Rhinopithecus bieti in Milaka of Tibet, China. Zoological Research, 2008, 29(6): 653-660.  doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2008.06653
    [12] XU Feng, MA Ming, WU Yi-qun, Raghunandan Singh Chundawat. Distribution of the Ibex (Capra ibex) in Tomur National Nature Reserve of Xinjiang, China. Zoological Research, 2007, 28(6): 670-672.
    [13] XU Feng , MA Ming , *, WU Yi-qun. Population Density and Habitat Utilization of Ibex (Capra ibex) in Tomur National Nature Reserve, Xinjiang, China(in English). Zoological Research, 2007, 28(1): 53-55.
    [14] LI Jia-qi, SHI Hong-quan, LIU Naifa *. Habitat Selection of Tibetan Snow Cocks in Spring in Lhasa. Zoological Research, 2006, 27(5): 513-517.
    [15] XU Feng, MA Ming , *, YIN Shou-jing, Bariushaa Munkhtsog. Autumn Habitat Selection by Snow Leopard (Uncia uncia) in Beita Mountain, Xinjiang, China. Zoological Research, 2006, 27(2): 221-224.
    [16] SHAO Ming-qin, LIU Nai-fa, ZHANG Ji-zeng, HUANG Zu-hao, KONG Fa-gong. Responses of Bird Communities to Forest Succession in Xinglongshan National Nature Reserve, Gansu. Zoological Research, 2005, 26(2): 157-161.
    [17] DAI Jian-hong, DAI Qiang, ZHANG Ming, ZHANG Jin-dong, LI Cheng, LIU Bing, et al.. Habitat Selection of Three Amphibians (Rana kukunoris,Nanorana pleskei,Bufo minshanicus) During Summer Autumn in Zoige Wetland National Nature Reserve. Zoological Research, 2005, 26(3): 263-271.
    [18] XU Ji-liang, ZHANG Xiao-hui, ZHANG Zheng-wang, ZHENG Guang-mei. Brood Habitat Characteristics of Reeve's Pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesii) in Dongzhai National Nature Reserve. Zoological Research, 2002, 23(6): 471-476.
    [19] WANG Yue-zhao, ZENG Xiao-mao, FANG Zi-li, WU Guan-fu, Theodore J.Papenfuss, J.Robert Macey. Study on The Relationships of Classification,Phylogenetics and Distribution of The Genus Phrynocephalus Spp.(Sauria:Agamidae) With The Paleogeographical Changes During Cenozoic Era in Tibet Plateau. Zoological Research, 1999, 20(3): 178-185.
    [20] YU Yu-qun, LIU Wu-lin, SANG Jie. A Preminary Study on The Overwintering Ecology of Black-Necked Crame (Grus nigricollis) in The Upper Lhasa River. Zoological Research, 1993, 14(3): 251-250.
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (1106) PDF downloads(937) Cited by()
    Proportional views
    Related

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return