Volume 39 Issue 2
Mar.  2018
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Chatmongkon Suwannapoom, Ya-Jiang Wu, Xing Chen, Adeniyi C. Adeola, Jing Chen, Wen-Zhi Wang. Complete mitochondrial genome of the Thai Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) and phylogenetic analysis. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(2): 127-129. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.028
Citation: Chatmongkon Suwannapoom, Ya-Jiang Wu, Xing Chen, Adeniyi C. Adeola, Jing Chen, Wen-Zhi Wang. Complete mitochondrial genome of the Thai Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) and phylogenetic analysis. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(2): 127-129. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.028

Complete mitochondrial genome of the Thai Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) and phylogenetic analysis

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.028
Funds:  This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program (2016YFC1200705), Southeast Asia Biodiversity Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Y4ZK111B01: 2015CASEABRI002), Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2012FY110800), Chinese Academy of Sciences (KFZD-SW-208), and Yunnan Provincial Science and Technology Department
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  • Corresponding author: Wen-Zhi Wang,E-mail: wangwz@mail.kiz.ac.cn
  • Received Date: 2017-09-18
  • Rev Recd Date: 2018-02-13
  • Publish Date: 2018-03-18
  • In this study, we sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of the Thai Red Junglefowl (RJF; Gallus gallus) using the next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform of the Ion Torrent PGM. Samples were taken from Mae Wang District, Chiang Mai Province, northern Thailand. Our data showed the complete mitogenome to be 16 785 bp in length, composed by 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, two rRNA genes, and one control region. The genome nucleotide composition was 30.3% A, 23.7% T, 32.5% C, and 13.5% G, resulting in a high percentage of A+T (50.4%). Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the mitogenome belonged to haplogroup X, whereas those of all domestic chickens belong to haplogroups A to G. This newly released mitogenome sequence will advance further evolutionary and population genetics study of the RJF and domestic chicken. The availability of the G. gallus mitogenome will also contribute to further conservation genetics research of a unique species, listed as ‘data deficient’ in Thailand.
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