Volume 35 Issue 6
Nov.  2014
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Hong-Fa LU, Li-Na DU, Zhi-Qiang LI, Xiao-Yong CHEN, Jun-Xing YANG. Morphological analysis of the Chinese Cipangopaludina species (Gastropoda; Caenogastropoda: Viviparidae). Zoological Research, 2014, 35(6): 510-527. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.6.510
Citation: Hong-Fa LU, Li-Na DU, Zhi-Qiang LI, Xiao-Yong CHEN, Jun-Xing YANG. Morphological analysis of the Chinese Cipangopaludina species (Gastropoda; Caenogastropoda: Viviparidae). Zoological Research, 2014, 35(6): 510-527. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.6.510

Morphological analysis of the Chinese Cipangopaludina species (Gastropoda; Caenogastropoda: Viviparidae)

doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.6.510
Funds:  This research was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31301865); the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province of China (LY12C19006) and the Collection and Preparation of Display Specimens at Kunming Natural History Museum of Zoology (KSZD–EW–TZ–005)
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  • Corresponding author: Zhi-Qiang LI, Xiao-Yong CHEN, Jun-Xing YANG
  • Received Date: 2014-04-02
  • Rev Recd Date: 2014-07-20
  • Publish Date: 2014-11-08
  • Viviparidae are widely distributed around the globe, but there are considerable gaps in the taxonomic record. To date, 18 species of the viviparid genus Cipangopaludina have been recorded in China, but there is substantial disagreement on the validity of this taxonomy. In this study, we described the shell and internal traits of these species to better discuss the validity of related species. We found that C. ampulliformis is synonym of C. lecythis, and C. wingatei is synonym of C. chinensis,while C. ampullacea and C. fluminalis are subspecies of C. lecythis and C. chinensis, respectively. C. dianchiensis should be paled in the genus Margarya, while C. menglaensis and C. yunnanensisbelong to genus Mekongia. Totally, this leaves 11 species and 2 subspecies recorded in China. Based on whether these specimens' spiral whorl depth was longer than aperture depth, these species or subspecies can be further divided into two groups, viz. chinensis group and cathayensis group, which can be determined from one another via the ratio of spiral depth and aperture depth, vas deferens and number of secondary branches of vas deferens. Additionally, Principal Component Analysis indicated that body whorl depth, shell width, aperture width and aperture length were main variables during species of Cipangopaludina. A key to all valid Chinese Cipangopaludina specieswere given.
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