Volume 35 Issue 5
Sep.  2014
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Peng LI, Cai-Hong JIN, San JIANG, Miao-Miao LI, Zi-Lu WANG, Hui ZHU, Cui-Yun CHEN, Tian-Miao HUA. Effects of surround suppression on response adaptation of V1 neurons to visual stimuli. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(5): 411-419. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.5.411
Citation: Peng LI, Cai-Hong JIN, San JIANG, Miao-Miao LI, Zi-Lu WANG, Hui ZHU, Cui-Yun CHEN, Tian-Miao HUA. Effects of surround suppression on response adaptation of V1 neurons to visual stimuli. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(5): 411-419. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.5.411

Effects of surround suppression on response adaptation of V1 neurons to visual stimuli

doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.5.411
Funds:  This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31171082), the Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Province (070413138), the Key Research Foundation of the Anhui Provincial Education Department (KJ2009A167), the Foundation of Key Laboratories of Anhui Province and the Anhui Provincial Education Department
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  • Corresponding author: Tian-Miao HUA
  • Received Date: 2014-02-20
  • Rev Recd Date: 2014-04-28
  • Publish Date: 2014-09-08
  • The influence of intracortical inhibition on the response adaptation of visual cortical neurons remains in debate. To clarify this issue, in the present study the influence of surround suppression evoked through the local inhibitory interneurons on the adaptation effects of neurons in the primary visual cortex (V1) were observed. Moreover, the adaptations of V1 neurons to both the high-contrast visual stimuli presented in the classical receptive field (CRF) and to the costimulation presented in the CRF and the surrounding nonclassical receptive field (nCRF) were compared. The intensities of surround suppression were modulated with different sized grating stimuli. The results showed that the response adaptation of V1 neurons decreased significantly with the increase of surround suppression and this adaptation decrease was due to the reduction of the initial response of V1 neurons to visual stimuli. However, the plateau response during adaptation showed no significant changes. These findings indicate that the adaptation effects of V1 neurons may not be directly affected by surround suppression, but may be dynamically regulated by a negative feedback network and be finely adjusted by its initial spiking response to stimulus. This adaptive regulation is not only energy efficient for the central nervous system, but also beneficially acts to maintain the homeostasis of neuronal response to long-presenting visual signals.
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