Volume 35 Issue 3
May  2014
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Briana BAUER, Lori K. SHEERAN, Megan D. MATHESON, Jin-Hua LI, R. Steven WAGNER. Male Tibetan macaques’(Macaca thibetana) choice of infant bridging partners. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(3): 222-230. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.3.222
Citation: Briana BAUER, Lori K. SHEERAN, Megan D. MATHESON, Jin-Hua LI, R. Steven WAGNER. Male Tibetan macaques’(Macaca thibetana) choice of infant bridging partners. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(3): 222-230. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.3.222

Male Tibetan macaques’(Macaca thibetana) choice of infant bridging partners

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.3.222
  • Received Date: 2013-08-23
  • Rev Recd Date: 2013-12-27
  • Publish Date: 2014-05-08
  • Adult male Tibetan (Macaca thibetana), Barbary (M. sylvanus), and stump-tailed macaques (M. arctoides) engage in bridging, a ritualized infant-handling behavior. Previous researchers found a bias toward the use of male infants for this behavior, but its function is debated. Explanations include three hypotheses: paternal care, mating effort, and agonistic buffering. We studied a group of habituated, provisioned Tibetan macaques to test whether adult males' affiliative relationships with females predicted their use of an infant for bridging. We also examined biases for sex, age, and individual in males' choice of bridging infant. We collected data via all occurrences, focal animal, and scan methods, from August to September 2011 at the Valley of the Wild Monkeys, China. We found that male infants were significantly preferred over females for bridging, but of three male infants in the group, only one was used by all males, while one male infant was used less often than expected. Adult males had females they were significantly more likely to be proximate to and/or to groom, but these corresponded to the mother of the bridging infant for only one male. Our results are most consistent with the agonistic buffering hypothesis: lower-ranked males used the alpha male's preferred bridging infant in an attempt to regulate their interactions with the alpha.
  • loading
  • [1]
    Berman CM, Li JH. 2002. Impact of translocation, provisioning and range restriction on a group of Macaca thibetana. International Journal of Primatology, 23(2): 383-397.
    Berman CM, Ionica C, Li JH. 2004. Dominance style among Macaca thibetana on Mt. Huangshan, China. International Journal of Primatology, 25(6): 1283-1312.
    Berman CM, Li JH, Ogawa H, Ionica C, Yin HB. 2007. Primate tourism, range restriction, and infant risk among Macaca thibetana at Mt. Huangshan, China. International Journal of Primatology, 28(5): 1123-1141.
    Deag JM. 1980. Interactions between males and unweaned Barbary macaques: testing the agonistic buffering hypothesis. Behaviour, 75(1): 54-81.
    Deag JM, Crook JH. 1971. Social behavior and ‘agonistic buffering' in the wild Barbary macaque Macaca sylvanus. Folia Primatologica, 15(3-4): 183-200.
    Dunbar RIM. 1984. Infant-use by male gelada in agonistic contexts: agonistic buffering, progeny protection, or soliciting support? Primates, 25(1): 28-35.
    Estrada A, Sandoval JM. 1984. Male-infant interactions among free-ranging stumptail macaques. In: Taub DM. Primate Paternalism. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 56-87.
    Kümmerli R, Martin RD. 2008. Patterns of infant handling and relatedness in Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus) on Gibraltar. Primates, 49(4): 271-282.
    Kurland JA, Gaulin SJC. 1984. The evolution of male paternal investment: effects of genetic relatedness and feeding ecology on the allocation of reproductive effort. In: Taub DM. Primate Paternalism. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 259-308.
    Li JH, Yin HB, Wang QS. 2005. Seasonality of reproduction and sexual activity in female Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Huangshan, China. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 51(3): 365-375.
    Martin P, Bateson P. 2007. Measuring Behaviour: An Introductory Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Matheson MD, Sheeran LK, Li JH, Wagner RS. 2006. Tourist impact on Tibetan macaques. Anthrozoös: A Multidisciplinary Journal of the Interactions of People and Animals, 19(2): 158-168.
    Ménard N, Scheffrahan W, Vallet D, Zidane C, Reber C. 1992. Application of blood protein electrophoresis and DNA fingerprinting to the analysis of paternity and social characteristics in wild Barbary macaques. In: Martin RD, Dixson AF, Wickings ED. Paternity in Primates: Genetic Tests and Theories. Basel: Karger, 155-174.
    Ménard N, von Segesser F, Scheffrahn W, Pastorini J, Vallet D, Gaci B, Martin RD, Gautier-Hion A. 2001. Is male-infant caretaking related to paternity and/or mating activities in wild Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus)? Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, 324(7): 601-610.
    Ogawa H. 1995a. Bridging behavior and other affiliative interactions among male Tibetan macaques. International Journal of Primatology, 16(5): 707-729.
    Ogawa H. 1995b. Recognition of social relationships in bridging behavior among Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana). American Journal of Primatology, 35(4): 305-310.
    Ogawa H. 1995c. Triadic male-female-infant relationships and bridging behavior among Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana). Folia Primatologica, 64(3): 153-157.
    Ogawa H. 2006. Wily Monkeys: Social Intelligence of Tibetan Macaques. Melbourne: Trans Pacific Press.
    Packer C. 1980. Male care and exploitation of infants in Papio anubis. Animal Behaviour, 28(2): 512-520.
    Paul A, Kuester J, Arnemann J. 1996. The sociobiology of male-infant interactions in Barbary macaques, Macaca sylvanus. Animal Behaviour, 51(1): 155-170.
    Ransom TW, Ransom BS. 1971. Adult male-infant relations among baboons (Papio anubis). Folia Primatologica, 16(3-4): 179-195.
    Sheeran LK, Matheson MD, Li JH, Wagner RS. 2010. A preliminary analysis of aging and potential social partners in Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana). In: Banak SD. Collected Readings in Biological Anthropology in Honor of Professor LS Penrose and Dr. Sahrah B. Holt. Merida: Unas Letras Industria Editorial, 349-358.
    Smith EO, Whitten PL. 1988. Triadic interactions in savanna-dw elling baboons. International Journal of Primatology, 9(5): 409-424.
    Smuts BB. 1985. Sex and Friendship in Baboons. New York: Aldine.
    Stein DN. 1984. The Sociobiology of Infant and Adult Male Baboons. New York: Aldine.
    Taub DM. 1980. Testing the ‘agonistic buffering' hypothesis. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 6(3): 187-197.
    Thierry B, Aureli F. 2006. Barbary but not barbarian: social relations in a tolerant macaque. In: Hodges JK. Biology and Behavior of Barbary Macaques. Nottingham: Nottingham University Press, 1-18.
    Wang GL, Yin HB, Yu GJ, Wu MM. 2008. Bridging behavior in Tibetan macaque. Chinese Journal of Zoology, 43(1): 44-49. (in Chinese)
    Zhao QK. 1996. Male-infant-male interactions in Tibetan macaques. Primates, 37(2): 135-143.
    Zhu L, Li J, Xia DP, Zhu Y, Wang X, Sun B, Wang S. 2013. Stability of the female dominance hierarchy in free-ranging, provisioned adult Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Mt. Huangshan, China. Acta Theriological Sinica, 33(3): 238-245.
  • Relative Articles

    [1] John P. Capitanio, Frederik Dethloff, Christoph W. Turck. Lipid metabolism is associated with temperament, corticosteroid, and hematological measures in infant rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Zoological Research, 2020, 41(6): 709-714.  doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2020.244
    [2] Qi Jiang, Dong-Po Xia, Xi Wang, Dao Zhang, Bing-Hua Sun, Jin-Hua Li. Interchange between grooming and infant handling in female Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana). Zoological Research, 2019, 40(2): 139-145.  doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.049
    [3] Bing Dong, Rui-Chang Quan, Zhan-Qi Chen. Prolonged milk provisioning and extended maternal care in the milking spider Toxeus magnus: biological implications and questions unresolved. Zoological Research, 2019, 40(4): 241-243.  doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.041
    [4] Kaitlin R. Wright, Jessica A. Mayhew, Lori K. Sheeran, Jake A. Funkhouser, Ronald. S. Wagner, Li-Xing Sun, Jin-Hua Li. Playing it cool: Characterizing social play, bout termination, and candidate play signals of juvenile and infant Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) . Zoological Research, 2018, 39(4): 272-283.  doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.048
    [5] Shuang WANG, Jin-Hua LI, Dong-Po XIA, Yong ZHU, Bing-Hua SUN, Xi WANG, Lei ZHU. Male-to-female agonistic support for copulation in Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Huangshan, China. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 139-144.  doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0139
    [6] Yu-Quan LI, Xia SUN. Agonistic behaviors of aquatic animals. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 214-220.  doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0214
    [7] WANG Wen-Guang, HUANG Xiao-Yan, XU Juan, SUN Xiao-Mei, DAI Jie-Jie, LI Qi-Han. Experimental studies on infant Tupaia belangeri chineses with EV71 infection. Zoological Research, 2012, 33(1): 7-13.  doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.01007
    [8] CUI Qing-hua, ZHAO Qi-Kun. Supplementary Observation on Male-Infant Behaviors in Tibetan Macaques At Mount Emei. Zoological Research, 1999, 20(3): 196-200.
    [9] ZOU Wei, ZHANG Shi-yi. Effect of Bestatin on The Discrimination Learning in Infant Rats. Zoological Research, 1998, 19(4): 277-281.
    [10] ZOU Wei, ZHANG Shi-yi, WANG Jian-zhong, WANG Jin-ling, YANG Kai-hai et al.. Postnatal Exposure Naloxone and Met-Enkephalin Affects The Discrimination Learning in Infant Rats. Zoological Research, 1994, 15(4): 73-78.
    [11] YANG Sen-fu, LI Shao-dong, DUAN Xing-sheng. Nursery-Rearing of Infant Rhesus Monkeys(Macaca mulatta). Zoological Research, 1989, 10(zk): 127-132.
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (528) PDF downloads(928) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint