Species Diversity of Litterlayer Beetles in Four Forest Types in Eastern Hengduan Mountain Region
- Received Date: 1900-01-01
- Rev Recd Date: 1900-01-01
- Publish Date: 2004-02-22
Abstract: Using pitfall traps,we built up 20 plots in the Eastern Hengduan Mountain Region,Southwest China,to compare the composition and distribution of litter-layer beetle communities among managed secondary forests (MSF) of plantation after clear-cutting,unmanaged secondary forests (USF) surrounding by farmland after clear-cutting,contiguous natural Abies forests (NAF),and contiguous natural Rhododendron elfin forests (NRF).Based on principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis of species and individuals of litter-layer beetles,we discussed the effects of clear-cutting and management practices.A total of 4 292 individuals representing 24 families were collected between July 8 and July 14,2001.Of these,individuals of the family Carabidae take 46.8% of the total,Agyrtidae 13.1%,Staphylinidae 11.4%,and Scarabaeidae,Curculionidae and Tenebrionidae each more than 5%.These six families can be considered as common groups in the study area.The individuals of Carabidae were significantly more abundant in NRF than those in the other forests,and significantly sparser in USF than those in the other forests.Agyrtidae was found more frequently in two uncut natural forests than in two secondary forests after clear-cutting.More individuals of Tenebrionidae were found in NRF than those in other forests.Significantly more individuals of Cantharidae were trapped in NAF and MSF than in USF.Elateridae was found significantly more frequently in USF than in MSF and NAF.The individuals of Curculionidae were more abundant in MSF and NRF than in USF.More individuals of Chrysomelidae were trapped in NRF than in USF.Beetle capture per 100 traps per day was gradually increased from USF,MSF,NAF to NRF,but evenness was opposite.MSF had the highest species richness and diversity values.USF and NRF had the lowest values of richness and diversity,respectively.Principal component analysis and cluster analysis showed that beetle community of USF was different from those of the other forest types;although the beetle community of MSF was similar to two uncut natural forests,the similarity between MSF and NAF was much low.Based on these results,we conclude managed plantation after clear-cutting contribute to the re-establishment of the diversity of litter-layer beetle assemblages in Eastern Hengduan Mountain Region.
|Citation:||YU Xiao-dong, LUO Tian-hong, ZHOU Hong-zhang. Species Diversity of Litterlayer Beetles in Four Forest Types in Eastern Hengduan Mountain Region. Zoological Research, 2004, 25(1): 7-14.|