Volume 44 Issue 1
Jan.  2023
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Wei-Jian Guo, Yi Wu, Kai He, Yi-Bo Hu, Xiao-Yun Wang, Wen-Hua Yu. Unraveling the macroevolution of horseshoe bats (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae: Rhinolophus). Zoological Research, 2023, 44(1): 169-182. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2022.265
Citation: Wei-Jian Guo, Yi Wu, Kai He, Yi-Bo Hu, Xiao-Yun Wang, Wen-Hua Yu. Unraveling the macroevolution of horseshoe bats (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae: Rhinolophus). Zoological Research, 2023, 44(1): 169-182. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2022.265

Unraveling the macroevolution of horseshoe bats (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae: Rhinolophus)

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2022.265
Supplementary data to this article can be found online.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
W.H.Y. and Y.W. designed the study. W.J.G., X.Y.W., W.Y., K.H., Y.B.H., and W.H.Y. performed the data analyses. W.H.Y., X.Y.W., and W.J.G. wrote the manuscript. X.Y.W., W.H.Y., and W.J.G. revised the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
#Authors contributed equally to this work
Funds:  This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31970394, 32192421, 31300314) and Special Foundation for National Science and Technology Basic Research Program of China (2021FY100303)
More Information
  • Unraveling the diversification mechanisms of organisms is a fundamental and important macroevolutionary question regarding the diversity, ecological niche, and morphological divergence of life. However, many studies have only explored diversification mechanisms via isolated factors. Here, based on comparative phylogenetic analysis, we performed a macroevolutionary examination of horseshoe bats (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae: Rhinolophus), to reveal the inter-relationships among diversification, intrinsic/extrinsic factors, and climatic ecological niche characteristics. Results showed a general slowing trajectory during diversification, with two dispersal events from Asia into Southeast Asia and Africa playing key roles in shaping regional heterogeneous diversity. Morphospace expansions of the investigated traits (e.g., body size, echolocation, and climate niche) revealed a decoupled pattern between diversification trajectory and trait divergence, suggesting that other factors (e.g., biotic interactions) potentially played a key role in recent diversification. Based on ancestral traits and pathway analyses, most Rhinolophus lineages belonging to the same region overlapped with each other geographically and were positively associated with the diversification rate, implying a competitive prelude to speciation. Overall, our study showed that multiple approaches need to be integrated to address diversification history. Rather than a single factor, the joint effects of multiple factors (biogeography, environmental drivers, and competition) are responsible for the current diversity patterns in horseshoe bats, and a corresponding multifaceted strategy is recommended to study these patterns in the future.
  • Supplementary data to this article can be found online.
    The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
    W.H.Y. and Y.W. designed the study. W.J.G., X.Y.W., W.Y., K.H., Y.B.H., and W.H.Y. performed the data analyses. W.H.Y., X.Y.W., and W.J.G. wrote the manuscript. X.Y.W., W.H.Y., and W.J.G. revised the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
    #Authors contributed equally to this work
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