Volume 31 Issue 5
Sep.  2010
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MAO Xiu-Guang, WANG Jin-Huan, SU Wei-Ting, WANG Ying-Xiang. Karyotypic evolution in family Hipposideridae (Chiroptera, Mammalia) revealed by comparative chromosome painting, G- and C-banding. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(5): 453-460. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.05453
Citation: MAO Xiu-Guang, WANG Jin-Huan, SU Wei-Ting, WANG Ying-Xiang. Karyotypic evolution in family Hipposideridae (Chiroptera, Mammalia) revealed by comparative chromosome painting, G- and C-banding. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(5): 453-460. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.05453

Karyotypic evolution in family Hipposideridae (Chiroptera, Mammalia) revealed by comparative chromosome painting, G- and C-banding

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.05453
Funds:  This study was partly supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30770293) and the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2005DKA21502)
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  • Author Bio:

    MAO Xiu-Guang

  • Received Date: 2010-01-26
  • Rev Recd Date: 2010-07-07
  • Publish Date: 2010-10-22
  • Comparing to its sister-family (Rhinolophidae), Hipposideridae was less studied by cytogenetic approaches. Only a few high-resolution G-banded karyotypes have been reported so far, and most of the conclusions on the karyotypic evolution in Hipposideridae were based on conventional Giemsa-staining. In this study, we applied comparative chromosome painting, a method of choice for genome-wide comparison at the molecular level, and G- and C-banding to establish comparative map between five hipposiderid species from China, using a whole set of chromosome-specific painting probes from one of them (Aselliscus stoliczkanus). G-band and C-band comparisons between homologous segments defined by chromosome painting revealed that Robertsonian translocations, paracentric inversions and heterochromatin addition could be the main mechanism of chromosome evolution in Hipposideridae. Comparative analysis of the conserved chromosomal segments among five hipposiderid species and outgroup species suggests that bi-armed chromosomes should be included into the ancestral karyotype of Hipposideridae, which was previously believed to be exclusively composed of acrocentric chromosomes.
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  • [1] Ando K, Tagawa T, Uchida TA. 1980. Karyotypes of Taiwanese and Japanese bats belonging to the families Rhinolophidae and Hipposideridae [J]. Cytologia, 45: 423-432.Ao L, Gu X, Feng Q, Wang J, O'Brien PC, Fu B, Mao X, Su W, Wang Y, Volleth M, Yang F, Nie W. 2006. Karyotype relationships of six bat species (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) from China revealed by chromosome painting and G-banding comparison [J]. Cytogenet Genome Res, 115: 145-53.Ao L, Mao X, Nie W, Gu X, Feng Q, Wang J, Su W, Wang Y, Volleth M, Yang F. 2007. Karyotypic evolution and phylogenetic relationships in the order Chiroptera as revealed by G-banding comparison and chromosome painting [J].Chromosome Res, 15: 257-267.Bogdanowicz W, Owen RD. 1998. In the Minotau’s Labyrinth: Phylogeny of the Bat Family Hipposideridae[M]//Kunz TH, Racey PA (eds). Bat Biology and Conservation. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.Corbet GB, Hill JE. 1991. A World List of Mammalian Species [M]. London: Natural History Museum Publications and Oxford University Press.Corbet GB, Hill JE. 1992. The Mammals of the Indomalayan Region [M]. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Ellerman JR, Morrison-Scott TCS. 1966. Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian Mammals [M]. London: British Museum of Natural History.Hand SJ, Kirsch JAW. 1988. A Southern Origin for the Hipposideridae (Microchiroptera)? Evidence from the Australian Fossil Record
    [M]//Kunz TH, Racey PA. Bat Biology and Conservation. Washington and London: Smithsonian Inst Press.Hill JE. 1963. A revision of the genus Hipposideros [J]. Bull Br Mus : Nat Hist. Zool, 11: 1-129.Koopman KF. 1984. Bats[M]//Anderson S, Jones JK. Orders and Families of Recent Mammals of the World. New York: Wiley.Koopman KF. 1993. Order Chiroptera[M]//Wilson DE, Reeder DM. Mammal Species of the World. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.Koopman KF. 1994. Chiroptera: Systematics [M]//Niethammer J, Schliemann H, Starck D. Handbook of Zoology. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter Press.Li G, Liang B, Wang YN, Zhao HB, Helgen K, Lin LK, Jones G, Zhang SY. 2007. Echolocation calls, diet and phylogenetic relationship of Stoliczka’s trident bat Aselliscus stoliczkanus (Hipposideridae) [J]. J Mammal,88: 736-744.Mao X, Nie W, Wang J, Su W, Ao l, Feng Q, Wang Y, Volleth M, Yang F. 2007. Karyotype evolution in Rhinolophus bats (Rhinolophidae, Chiroptera) illuminated by cross-species chromosome painting and G-banding comparison [J]. Chromosome Res, 15: 835-848.Mao X, Nie W, Wang J, Su W, Feng Q, Wang Y, Dobigny G, Yang F. 2008. Comparative cytogenetics of bats (Chiroptera): the prevalence of Robertsonian translocations limits the power of chromosomal characters in resolving interfamily phylogenetic relationships [J]Chromosome Res, 16: 155-170.Nie W, Liu R, Chen Y, Wang J, Yang F. 1998. Mapping chromosomal homologies between humans and two largurs (Semnopithecus francoisi and S. phayrei) by chromosome painting [J].Chromosome Res, 6: 447-453.Nowak RM. 1999. Walker’s Mammals of the World [M]. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.Pieczarka JC, Nagamachi CY, O’Brien PC, Yang F, Rens W, Barros RM, Noronha RC, Rissino J, de Oliveira EH, Ferguson-Smith MA. 2005.Reciprocal chromosome painting between two South American bats: Carollia brevicauda and Phyllostomus hastatus(Phyllostomidae, Chiroptera) [J]. Chromosome Res, 13: 339-347.Pierson ED. 1986. Molecular Systematics of the Microchiroptera: Higher Taxon Relationships and Biogeography[D]. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley.Qumsiyeh MB, Owen RD, Chesser RK. 1988. Differential rates of genetic and chromosomal evolution in bats of the family Rhinolophidae [J]. Genome, 30: 326-335.Simmons NB. 1998. A Reappraisal of Interfamilial Relationships of Bats [M]. Washington and London: Smithsonian Inst Press.Simmons NB. 2005. Order Chiroptera [M]. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.Sreepada KS, Naidu KN, Gururaj ME. 1993. Trends of karyotypic evolution in the genus Hipposideros (Chiroptera: Mammalia)[J]. Cytobios, 75: 49-57.Volleth M, Heller KG, Pfeiffer RA, Hameister H. 2002. A comparative ZOO-FISH analysis in bats elucidates the phylogenetic relationships between Megachiroptera and five microchiroptera families[J]. Chromosome Res, 10: 477-497.Volleth M, Klett C, Kollak A, Dixkens C, Winter Y, Just W, Vogel W, Hameister H. 1999. ZOO-FISH analysis in a species of the order Chiroptera: Glossophaga soricina (Phyllostomidae) [J]. Chromosome Res, 7: 57-64.Wang H, Liang B, Feng J, Sheng L, Zhang S. 2003. Molecular phylogenetic of Hipposiderids (Chiroptera: Hipposideridae) and Rhinolophids (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae) in China based on mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences [J]. Folia Zool, 52: 259-268.Wu Y, Harada M. 2006. Karyology of seven species of bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) from Guangdong, China [J]. Acta TheriolSin, 26 (4): 403-406.Yang F, Graphodatsky AS, O’Brien PC. 2000. Reciprocal chromosome painting illustrates the history of genome evolution of the domestic cat, dog and human [J]. Chromosome Res, 8: 393-404.
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Karyotypic evolution in family Hipposideridae (Chiroptera, Mammalia) revealed by comparative chromosome painting, G- and C-banding

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.05453
Funds:  This study was partly supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30770293) and the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2005DKA21502)
  • Author Bio:

Abstract: Comparing to its sister-family (Rhinolophidae), Hipposideridae was less studied by cytogenetic approaches. Only a few high-resolution G-banded karyotypes have been reported so far, and most of the conclusions on the karyotypic evolution in Hipposideridae were based on conventional Giemsa-staining. In this study, we applied comparative chromosome painting, a method of choice for genome-wide comparison at the molecular level, and G- and C-banding to establish comparative map between five hipposiderid species from China, using a whole set of chromosome-specific painting probes from one of them (Aselliscus stoliczkanus). G-band and C-band comparisons between homologous segments defined by chromosome painting revealed that Robertsonian translocations, paracentric inversions and heterochromatin addition could be the main mechanism of chromosome evolution in Hipposideridae. Comparative analysis of the conserved chromosomal segments among five hipposiderid species and outgroup species suggests that bi-armed chromosomes should be included into the ancestral karyotype of Hipposideridae, which was previously believed to be exclusively composed of acrocentric chromosomes.

MAO Xiu-Guang, WANG Jin-Huan, SU Wei-Ting, WANG Ying-Xiang. Karyotypic evolution in family Hipposideridae (Chiroptera, Mammalia) revealed by comparative chromosome painting, G- and C-banding. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(5): 453-460. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.05453
Citation: MAO Xiu-Guang, WANG Jin-Huan, SU Wei-Ting, WANG Ying-Xiang. Karyotypic evolution in family Hipposideridae (Chiroptera, Mammalia) revealed by comparative chromosome painting, G- and C-banding. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(5): 453-460. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.05453
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