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Dominance hierarchy and social relationships in a group of captive black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti)

Liang-Wei CUI Qing-Lei SUN Bao-Guo LI

Liang-Wei CUI, Qing-Lei SUN, Bao-Guo LI. Dominance hierarchy and social relationships in a group of captive black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti). Zoological Research, 2014, 35(3): 204-213. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.3.204
Citation: Liang-Wei CUI, Qing-Lei SUN, Bao-Guo LI. Dominance hierarchy and social relationships in a group of captive black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti). Zoological Research, 2014, 35(3): 204-213. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.3.204

Dominance hierarchy and social relationships in a group of captive black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti)

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.3.204
基金项目: This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31160422, 30960084), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2013M542379), the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-12-1079), and the Key Subject of Wildlife Conservation and Utilization in Yunnan Province.
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    Liang-Wei CUI, Bao-Guo LI

Dominance hierarchy and social relationships in a group of captive black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti)

  • 摘要: Different types of dominance hierarchies reflect different social relationships in primates. In this study, we clarified the hierarchy and social relationships in a one-male unit of captive Rhinopithecus bieti observed between August 1998 and March 1999. Mean frequency of agonistic behaviour among adult females was 0.13 interactions per hour. Adult females exhibited a linear hierarchy with a reversal of 10.9%, indicating an unstable relationship; therefore, R. bieti appears to be a relaxed/tolerant species. The lack of a relationship between the agonistic ratio of the adult male towards adult females and their ranks indicated that males did not show increased aggression towards low-ranking females. Differentiated female affiliative relationships were loosely formed in terms of the male, and to some extent influenced by female estrus, implying that relationships between the male and females is influenced by estrus and not rank alone. A positive correlation between the agonistic ratio of adult females and their ranks showed that the degree to which one female negatively impacted others decreased with reduction in rank. Similarly, a positive correlation between the agonistic ratio of females and differences in rank suggests that a female had fewer negative effects on closely ranked individuals than distantly ranked ones. These data indicate that rank may influence relationships between females. A steeper slope of regression between the agonistic ratio and inter-female rank differences indicated that the extent of the power difference in high-ranking females exerting negative effects on low-ranking ones was larger during the mating season than the birth season, suggesting that rank may influence the mating success of females.
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Dominance hierarchy and social relationships in a group of captive black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti)

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.3.204
    基金项目:  This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31160422, 30960084), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2013M542379), the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-12-1079), and the Key Subject of Wildlife Conservation and Utilization in Yunnan Province.
    通讯作者: Liang-Wei CUI, Bao-Guo LI

摘要: Different types of dominance hierarchies reflect different social relationships in primates. In this study, we clarified the hierarchy and social relationships in a one-male unit of captive Rhinopithecus bieti observed between August 1998 and March 1999. Mean frequency of agonistic behaviour among adult females was 0.13 interactions per hour. Adult females exhibited a linear hierarchy with a reversal of 10.9%, indicating an unstable relationship; therefore, R. bieti appears to be a relaxed/tolerant species. The lack of a relationship between the agonistic ratio of the adult male towards adult females and their ranks indicated that males did not show increased aggression towards low-ranking females. Differentiated female affiliative relationships were loosely formed in terms of the male, and to some extent influenced by female estrus, implying that relationships between the male and females is influenced by estrus and not rank alone. A positive correlation between the agonistic ratio of adult females and their ranks showed that the degree to which one female negatively impacted others decreased with reduction in rank. Similarly, a positive correlation between the agonistic ratio of females and differences in rank suggests that a female had fewer negative effects on closely ranked individuals than distantly ranked ones. These data indicate that rank may influence relationships between females. A steeper slope of regression between the agonistic ratio and inter-female rank differences indicated that the extent of the power difference in high-ranking females exerting negative effects on low-ranking ones was larger during the mating season than the birth season, suggesting that rank may influence the mating success of females.

English Abstract

Liang-Wei CUI, Qing-Lei SUN, Bao-Guo LI. Dominance hierarchy and social relationships in a group of captive black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti)[J]. 动物学研究, 2014, 35(3): 204-213. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.3.204
引用本文: Liang-Wei CUI, Qing-Lei SUN, Bao-Guo LI. Dominance hierarchy and social relationships in a group of captive black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti)[J]. 动物学研究, 2014, 35(3): 204-213. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.3.204
Liang-Wei CUI, Qing-Lei SUN, Bao-Guo LI. Dominance hierarchy and social relationships in a group of captive black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti). Zoological Research, 2014, 35(3): 204-213. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.3.204
Citation: Liang-Wei CUI, Qing-Lei SUN, Bao-Guo LI. Dominance hierarchy and social relationships in a group of captive black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti). Zoological Research, 2014, 35(3): 204-213. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.3.204
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