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Population trends and behavioral observations of wintering common cranes (Grus grus) in Yancheng Nature Reserve

Zhong-Qiu LI Zhi WANG Chen GE

Zhong-Qiu LI, Zhi WANG, Chen GE. Population trends and behavioral observations of wintering common cranes (Grus grus) in Yancheng Nature Reserve. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(5): 453-458. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.5.0453
Citation: Zhong-Qiu LI, Zhi WANG, Chen GE. Population trends and behavioral observations of wintering common cranes (Grus grus) in Yancheng Nature Reserve. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(5): 453-458. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.5.0453

盐城灰鹤(Grus grus)越冬种群动态及行为观察

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.5.0453
基金项目: 国家级自然保护区生态环境十年变化调查与评估项目(STSN-7);“十一五”国家科技支撑计划(2008BAC39B03);国家自然科学基金项目(31000174);中央高校基础科研业务
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q959.7+26

Population trends and behavioral observations of wintering common cranes (Grus grus) in Yancheng Nature Reserve

  • 摘要: 为解盐城灰鹤(Grus grus)的越冬种群动态及行为特征,在盐城保护区设置两条样线,自2008年12月始,连续5个冬季每月一次作种群监测,并观察灰鹤家族群的越冬行为。结果显示,近5年来,盐城越冬灰鹤种群(303~707只)较为稳定,沿海开发对其种群似乎并无负面影响,这可能与灰鹤的食性及生境偏好有关。年龄对灰鹤越冬行为影响显著,幼鹤相较成鹤将花费更多的时间用于采食,而用于警戒的时间较少,这与幼鹤所处的生长及学习阶段有关。家族群大小对灰鹤的采食、警戒及群体警戒效率等均无显著影响,说明对于灰鹤而言,两只幼鹤并未显著增加其在警戒行为上的投入。
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  • 收稿日期:  2013-03-04
  • 修回日期:  2013-04-17
  • 刊出日期:  2013-10-08

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