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Breeding ecology of Chinese Bulbul in the urban environment of Hangzhou, China

Si-Si LAN Qin ZHANG Qin HUANG Shui-Hua CHEN

Si-Si LAN, Qin ZHANG, Qin HUANG, Shui-Hua CHEN. Breeding ecology of Chinese Bulbul in the urban environment of Hangzhou, China. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 182-189. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0182
Citation: Si-Si LAN, Qin ZHANG, Qin HUANG, Shui-Hua CHEN. Breeding ecology of Chinese Bulbul in the urban environment of Hangzhou, China. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 182-189. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0182

杭州城市环境中白头鹎的繁殖生态

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0182
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 (31071908)
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q959.7+39

Breeding ecology of Chinese Bulbul in the urban environment of Hangzhou, China

  • 摘要: 白头鹎 (Pycnonotus sinensis) 是一种中国南方城市分布广泛、种群数量丰富的鸟类。其对环境变化和人类活动的适应能力已引起关注。2012年3—7月,在杭州城市环境下,对白头鹎的繁殖生态进行了系统调查,共记录到白头鹎繁殖鸟巢117巢。结果显示,在杭州市区,白头鹎主要在居民小区、行道树和绿化带的树冠层筑巢,主要营巢植物为桂树 (Osmanthus fragrans),占总数的84.6% (n=117)。所有繁殖巢距地面均高 (3.16±0.91) m (n=117)。3月底开始筑巢产卵,产卵高峰集中在4月11—25日。窝卵数为(3.37±0.48) 枚 (n=103),孵化期为 (11.34±1.12) d (n=32),育雏期为(11.85±1.12) d (n=47)。孵化率为68.3% (n=111),离巢率为52.1% (n=117),总繁殖成功率为34.7% (n=111)。繁殖失败原因主要包括卵及雏鸟被捕食、人为干扰等。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-11-30
  • 修回日期:  2013-02-03
  • 刊出日期:  2013-06-08

Breeding ecology of Chinese Bulbul in the urban environment of Hangzhou, China

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0182
    基金项目:  国家自然科学基金资助项目 (31071908)
  • 中图分类号: Q959.7+39

摘要: 白头鹎 (Pycnonotus sinensis) 是一种中国南方城市分布广泛、种群数量丰富的鸟类。其对环境变化和人类活动的适应能力已引起关注。2012年3—7月,在杭州城市环境下,对白头鹎的繁殖生态进行了系统调查,共记录到白头鹎繁殖鸟巢117巢。结果显示,在杭州市区,白头鹎主要在居民小区、行道树和绿化带的树冠层筑巢,主要营巢植物为桂树 (Osmanthus fragrans),占总数的84.6% (n=117)。所有繁殖巢距地面均高 (3.16±0.91) m (n=117)。3月底开始筑巢产卵,产卵高峰集中在4月11—25日。窝卵数为(3.37±0.48) 枚 (n=103),孵化期为 (11.34±1.12) d (n=32),育雏期为(11.85±1.12) d (n=47)。孵化率为68.3% (n=111),离巢率为52.1% (n=117),总繁殖成功率为34.7% (n=111)。繁殖失败原因主要包括卵及雏鸟被捕食、人为干扰等。

English Abstract

兰思思, 张琴, 黄秦, 陈水华. 杭州城市环境中白头鹎的繁殖生态[J]. 动物学研究, 2013, 34(3): 182-189. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0182
引用本文: 兰思思, 张琴, 黄秦, 陈水华. 杭州城市环境中白头鹎的繁殖生态[J]. 动物学研究, 2013, 34(3): 182-189. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0182
Si-Si LAN, Qin ZHANG, Qin HUANG, Shui-Hua CHEN. Breeding ecology of Chinese Bulbul in the urban environment of Hangzhou, China. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 182-189. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0182
Citation: Si-Si LAN, Qin ZHANG, Qin HUANG, Shui-Hua CHEN. Breeding ecology of Chinese Bulbul in the urban environment of Hangzhou, China. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 182-189. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0182
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